DESCRIBING GRAPHS

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DESCRIBING GRAPHS




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Presentations text content in DESCRIBING GRAPHS

Slide1

DESCRIBING GRAPHS

Slide2

Flow chart, line graph, bar chart, diagram, table, pie chart

Slide3

Label the parts of the line graph:vertical axis horizontal axis legend dotted line solid line broken line values peak trough

Slide4

VERBS RB, p. 29/ I

GO DOWNdeclineslashplummetslumpbring downfallplungedecreasedrop

GO UP

grow

rise

boost

jump

rally

soar

rocket

increase

raise

Slide5

VERBS RB, p. 29/ II

PLUMMET

JUMP

SOAR

PLUNGE

ROCKET

SLASH

Slide6

RB, p. 30/ IV

TRANSITIVEslashboostbring downraise

BOTH

Decrease

increase

Slide7

RB, p. 30/ V

The government

RAISED

the price of fuel by 2%, it now costs $1.02, instead of $1.

Prices

FLUCTUATED

all year. It was very difficult to make plans in a situation when we couldn’t know what to expect.

The government's decision to decrease sales taxes

BOOSTED

the economy.

The new expansionary fiscal policy

BROUGHT DOWN/DECREASED

unemployment figures in the country.

Due to the efficient management of the company, we

INCREASED

sales by 25% this year.

Unemployment

JUMPED

from 200,000 to 600,000 in 3 months due to the closure of several factories in the country.

The higher income that resulted from the suddenly increased sales

SLASHED

the company's deficit by half.

The economy

STAGNATED

for five years. The GDP growth was around 1% and there was a high unemployment.

Slide8

RB, p. 31/VII

The Sun

RISES

every morning.

RAISE

your hand if you agree.

The problem 

AROSE

from the lack of quality control.

Last year we 

RAISED

2 m in capital.

The cash­flow crisis 

AROSE

because the company did not receive payment from its debtors.

Retail prices 

ROSE

by 7% last year.

The Fed will probably 

RAISE

interest rates by 0.5%.

The mistakes that have

ARISEN

this week are due to a lack of communication between the staff and the management.

Slide9

MARK 1

go up

, 2

go down

,

3

go up a lot

or 4

go down a lot

As part of an overall boom, spending on advertising

rocketed

in the late 1990s and, in 2000, it

soared

by more

than 8% in America, which represents about half the world market. But then the following year it

plunged

by 8%. Now the industry is feeling positive again and advertising is expected to

escalate

by nearly 5% this year. But how is the money being spent? Thanks to the Internet, there was a

jump

in website advertising of nearly 40%. But is traditional TV advertising

shrinking

? America

s big TV networks used to reach 90% of households but then this figure

plummeted

to as low as 33%. Consequently, TV advertising

by some multinationals also

slumped

.

Slide10

MARK 1

go up

, 2

go down

,

3

go up a lot

or 4

go down a lot

As part of an overall boom, spending on advertising

rocketed

3

in the late 1990s and, in 2000, it

soared

3

by more than 8% in America, which represents about half the world market. But then the following year it

plunged

4

by 8%. Now the industry is feeling positive again and advertising is expected to

escalate

1

by nearly 5% this year. But how is the money being spent? Thanks to the Internet, there was a

jump

3

in website advertising of nearly 40%. But is traditional TV advertising

shrinking

2

? America

s big TV networks used to reach 90% of households but then this figure

plummeted

4

to as low as 33%. Consequently, TV advertising by some multinationals also

slumped

4

.

Slide11

NOUNS

Exercise

I , p.31

Exc

. II, p.32

Rice

production

decreased

in

2002.

There

was

a

decrease

in

rice

production

in

2002.

We

see

a

decrease

in

rice

production

in

2002.

There

was

a

decrease

in

rice

production

in

2002.

2002

brought

a

decrease

in

rice

production

.

Slide12

Describing movements and prepositions

to rise ______ 2 h ___ 5 h

to increase _____ 35 %

a decrease ____ 10 %

an increase ____ 15%

to decrease ____ 46%

to fall _____ 20 % ____ 13 %

to fall ____ $3 h ___ $2 h

The company expects a 5% increase ___ sales.

Sales stood ___

$1 m ___ 1998.

The sales figures peaked ___ $1,000.

Slide13

Describing movements and prepositions

to rise from 2 h to 5 hto increase by 35 % / by 3 (from 2 to 5)an increase of 15%a decrease of 10 %to decrease by 46% / by 2 (from 10 to 8)to fall from 20 % to 13 %to fall from $3 h to $2 hThe company expects a 5% increase in sales.Sales stood at $1 m in 1998.The sales figures peaked at $1,000.Careful: rast od 5% je increase of 5% noun + ofporasti za 5% nije to increase for 5% nego: increase by verb + by

Slide14

RB, p. 34/II

Last year sales fell FROM $3m TO $1.5m.

This year in our town there was a growth OF 20% IN marriages.

The employment ratio in the country reached a trough AT 30% last year.

The competition’s advertising spending has fluctuated BETWEEN €5m and €5.75m this year.

Our market share plummeted BY 20% when a new company broke into the market. Currently we control 15% of the market and we are making enormous losses.

Our market share plummeted TO 20% from 45%, which is a 25% drop.

Slide15

How to describe graphs in a meeting?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L0Mr-O9AGmw

What types of graphs are described?

What is the topic of the graphs?

How is the talk

organized?

Slide16

ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB?

There was a fall. It fell .There was a upturn.The government decreased taxes .They reported a downturn.

Slide17

ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB?

There was a

CONSIDERABLY / CONSIDERABLE

fall.

It fell

SLIGHT / SLIGHTLY

.

There was a

SLIGHT / SLIGHTLY

upturn.

The government decreased taxes

MODERATE/ MODERATELY.

They reported a

DRAMATICALLY / DRAMATIC

downturn.

Slide18

Translate sentences into English1. using a verb 2. using a verb +adverb

Cijene su

lagano narasle

.

Vrijednost dionice je

neznatno pala

.

Kamatne stope su

znatno porasle

.

Cijene nekretnina su

jako pale.

Vrijednost dionice je

dosegla najnižu točku.

Cijena nafte se

stabilizirala

.

Prošle godine je cijena nafte

dosegla najveću vrijednost ikad.

Slide19

RB, p. 35/ I

decline

by

at

moderate

leveled off (BrE) / levelled off (AmE)

doubled

peak

fluctuated

dramatic

substantially

Slide20

HW

RB, p. 36/III


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