STAAR Formatted Expository essays

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STAAR Formatted Expository essays




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Presentations text content in STAAR Formatted Expository essays

Slide1

STAAR Formatted Expository essays

Slide2

Warm Up: Monday, Oct. 26

Complete questions 1-5 on the front side of your homework for this week. The homework requires you to

add a dependent clause

to the already existing independent clause. Remember, dependent clauses start with a subordinating conjunction.

Example:

While we sang at the concert

, parents recorded the show with their video cameras.

Slide3

Expository writing Workshop

Expository Definition

: “serving to expound, set forth, or explain”

Expository Writing

: writing with a purpose to explain a topic or idea

If this is the definition of expository, what do you think the definition of

expository writing

will be?

Slide4

Organizational Styles

1. Compare/Contrast

Definition:

explain how 2+ more things are alike/ different

Example: Explain the types of changes a student may undergo from middle school to high school.As a writer you would have to explain what the student was like

before

(in middle school) and what student was like

after (in high school).

Slide5

Organizational Styles

2

. Cause/Effect

Definition: identifies one or more causes and the resulting effects

Example: Explain the importance of being involved in your community.As a writer you would have to explain what are different things that would

cause

you to become involved in the community and what the effects of your involvement would be (could be for yourself or for the community as a whole)

Slide6

Organizational Styles

3. Definition

Definition: describes characteristics or features of something Example: Explain what it means to be an American.

As a writer you would have to explain what are the characteristics that make a person American.

Slide7

Organizational Styles

4

. Explanatory

Definition: explains a writer’s position on a topic Example: Explain whether second chances are important.

As a writer you would need to choose a position to explain.

Example

:

Explain why it’s necessary to give someone a second chance.

As a writer you are

given

the position

to explain

.

Slide8

Expository Essay Prompt

Read

the information in the box below.

 

Think about people in your life that you consider family.

 Write an essay explaining the multiple meanings of family.  Be sure to —

clearly state your thesis

organize and develop your ideas effectively

choose your words carefully

edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

“Call it a clan, call it a network, call it a tribe, call it a family: Whatever you call it, whoever you are, you need one.”

- Jane Howard

Slide9

Expository Essay Prompt

Read

the information in the box below.

 

Think

about what would happen if a person gave up after one rejection. Write an essay explaining why perseverance is critical to success. Be sure to —

clearly state your thesis

organize and develop your ideas effectively

choose your words carefully

edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

J.K. Rowing is the author of the famous

Harry Potter

series, but she didn’t become famous overnight. Penniless, recently divorced, and raising a child on her own, she wrote the first

Harry Potter

book on an old manual typewriter. Twelve publishers rejected the manuscript. A year later, she was finally given a chance with Bloomsbury Publishing, who agreed to publish the book, but insisted she get a day job because there was no money in children’s books. Due to her success of the

Harry Potter

series, she is now worth an estimated $1 billion dollars.

Slide10

Expository Essay Prompt

Read

the information in the box below.

 

Think about how hip-hop or pop culture influences your life and your friend’s lives.

 Write an essay explaining the effect of music on today’s youth.  Be sure to —

clearly state your thesis

organize and develop your ideas effectively

choose your words carefully

edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

“Music’s the only thing that makes sense anymore, man. Play it loud enough, it keeps the demons at bay.”

-

Across the Universe

(movie)

Slide11

Expository Essay Prompt

Read

the information in the box below.

 

Although many people work to benefit themselves, some people choose to put others first. Think carefully about this statement.

 Write an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

Be

sure to —

clearly state your thesis

organize and develop your ideas effectively

choose your words carefully

edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

In 1955 medical researcher Jonas Salk introduced an effective polio vaccine. At the time polio was considered the biggest threat to public health, yet Salk refused to profit by patenting the vaccine because he was more concerned with preventing disease than with personal gain.

Slide12

STAAR Essay Overview

Makes up 26% of your total EOC score.

The writing components of STAAR (expository essay and short answers combined) actually make up 50% of your total EOC score!

26 lines (one single side of a sheet of paper)

Introduction + Thesis Body paragraph one Body paragraph two Conclusion

Slide13

Let’s Review!

Thesis Statements

A

single sentence

that

expresses what you want your readers to understand

; the

controlling idea of your essay

and road map for your paper

Last sentence (and possibly the only sentence) of your introduction

Slide14

Thesis Statements

Main idea of paper (using words from the prompt) +

transition word

+ topics/reasons of paper.

Examples

:

Prompt:

Explain

the types

of changes

a student may undergo from middle school to high school

.

Many students undergo changes from middle school to high school

such as

becoming more responsible and feeling increased levels of stress.

Prompt:

Explain the importance of being involved in your community.

Being involved in the community is important

because

it helps people stay connected and gives people pride in their community.

Slide15

Let’s Practice!

Read

the information in the box below.

 

Although many people work to benefit themselves, some people choose to put others first. Think

carefully about this statement.  Write an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

Be

sure to —

clearly state your thesis

organize and develop your ideas effectively

choose your words carefully

edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

In 1955 medical researcher Jonas Salk introduced an effective polio vaccine. At the time polio was considered the biggest threat to public health, yet Salk refused to profit by patenting the vaccine because he was more concerned with preventing disease than with personal gain.

Slide16

Write

an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

7

th

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about themselves as opposed to others because people end up hurting you; in addition, if we keep helping others, they will never learn for themselves.

Others

Self

Helping other people makes you feel better. (WARM

AND FUZZIES!) – sense of accomplishment

Helping others keeps you humble.

Improves society

GREATER GOOD – is their life more important than yours

? – lets six men die

Helping other people makes you more social. (social skills developed)

KARMA – what goes around comes around

. – Odysseus helps others; he survives.

You need to put yourself first in order to maintain your mental health. You can’t help others if you are hurting

.

We have to help ourselves before we are prepared to help anyone else (oxygen masks on airplane)

You should put yourself first because people will just take advantage of you in life

. – We didn’t help the French!

People can end up hurting you. – Brutus (Julius Caesar event)

If you keep helping others they will never learn for themselves. – fish proverb

Slide17

7

th

Period Thesis:

People should be more concerned about themselves as opposed to others because people end up hurting you; in addition, if we keep helping others, they will never learn for themselves

.2nd Body Paragraph: If we continue to coddle others during their times of need, they will never learn to fend for themselves. In Homer’s

Odyssey, the goddess Athena cannot swoop to Odysseus’ rescue every single time or he will never learn his lesson. In the final battle, he must prove his superior battle skills in order to be deemed worthy by the Greek gods.

Slide18

Write

an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

6

th

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about themselves as opposed to others because it can lead to fame and fortune; in addition, we must take care of our own needs first before we can be of any help to others.

Others

Self

When we help

other people, we also in turn help ourselves. (We learn from the experience

.) – Odysseus when he was fighting Scylla (greater good)

We need to help other people so that we are not

self-centered. Helping other people builds character and gives us a better reputation.)

When you help other people, they are more likely to help you.

We have to take care of our own needs first (i.e. health) before we can even help others.

If you put yourself first, you can gain fame and fortune.

- Steve Jobs (pushed his own agenda/vision forward for the product = gained fortune / brand name)

You need to put yourself first in order to feel accomplished.

Slide19

6

th

Period Thesis:

People should be more concerned about themselves as opposed to others because it can lead to fame and fortune; in addition, we must take care of our own needs first before we can be of any help to others

.1st Body Paragraph: When we put our own needs before others, we can ensure our own success. Steve Jobs, the founder and visionary of Apple, was persistent in presenting his own ideas to

Slide20

Write

an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

4

th

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about others than themselves because it improves society; in addition, helping others can lead to unexpected rewards.

Others

Self

It feels

good to help others (sense of accomplishment).

Improves society as a

whole (Ebola doctors put themselves at risk to save LIVES) (Martin Luther King)

You can be rewarded for helping

others (A Long Way Gone) – good karma

When you help others, they are more likely to help you. (personal example – HW)

We should look out for ourselves because people will only hurt you / disappoint you in the end.

You have to help yourself first before you can be of any help to others (airplane mask example

) (A Long Way Gone)

Slide21

4

th

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about others than themselves because it improves society; in addition, helping others can lead to unexpected rewards

.

2nd Body Paragraph: Often times when we put the needs of others first, we can experience surprising benefits. In the memoir A Long Way Gone, Ishmael Beah

travels to UN conferences to speak about his experience as a child soldier. In his quest to help his fellow child soldiers, he experienced unexpected rewards in the form of a new home with Laura Simms.

Slide22

Write

an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

3

rd

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about others as opposed to themselves because it builds character; in addition, when we help other people, they are more likely to return the favor.

Others

Self

Helping others gives you a sense of accomplishment.

You

should help other people because you might need help too in the future.

Helping others builds character and gives you a good reputation. (provides recognition

) - Odysseus

Helping others improves society. / Showing acts of kindness encourages others to follow suit. (lead by example)

Makes you appreciate your own life more

People take advantage of you, so you should put yourself first

. -

Ender’s Game

You need to see to your own needs first (stay recharged / rejuvenated) because who else will do that for you?

You cannot help others if you are not composed.

You don’t want others to drag you down with them.

Slide23

3

rd

Period Thesis:

People should be more concerned about others as opposed to themselves because it builds character; in addition, when we help other people, they are more likely to return the favor

.1st Body Paragraph: Society respects you when you put the needs of others first. In Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus gains the respect of his men due to his battle prowess. After he uses his cunning nature to save his men from the cyclops’ cave, they can’t help but to revere Odysseus’ leadership skills. Just like Odysseus, we should all strive to put the needs of others first for the greater good. Its selflessness that people recognize and ultimately defines your character.

Slide24

Write

an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

2

nd

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about other than themselves because it helps to improve society; in addition, when you help other people, they will be there for you in return.

Others

Self

Helping others

makes you feel better. (WARM AND FUZZY) - promotes self confidence

If you help other people, they can help you when you need it.

When you help other people, you learn life lessons.

Helping others builds character and a better reputation in your community.

GOLDEN RULE! (Treat others how you want to be treated.)

Helping others improves society.

You have to take care of yourself first in order to be of any help to others.

Human nature is inherently selfish.

You have to be selfish to be successful.

Your safety / essential needs must be a priority.

Not everyone wants your help, but you can always take your own help/advice.

If you focus on everyone else your whole life, you don’t have time to ensure your own happiness. (You can’t help those who don’t want your help.)

Slide25

2

nd

Period Thesis:

People should be more concerned about

others than themselves because it helps to improve society; in addition, when you help other people, they will be there for you in return. 1st Body Paragraph: When people go out of their way to help others without any selfish ambitions, society benefits. The founder of Five Hour Energy drinks uses his own salary to fund a clean water project for third world nations. He has selflessly committed to this project because he desires to better this world as a whole. When

Slide26

Write

an essay explaining whether people should be more concerned about others than about themselves.

1

st

Period Thesis: People should be more concerned about themselves as opposed to others for human nature is inherently selfish; in addition, if you sacrifice too much of yourself, you cannot help anyone else.

Others

Self

Helping others builds family-like bonds

Pride

in yourself and your community

If we don’t help other people we will lack basic human empathy

If you don’t help others, no one will ever help you.

Life is short, so you should give to others as much as possible.

You can’t help other people if you don’t take care of yourself first

You have to take time to recharge and rejuvenate yourself

Human nature is selfish

/ survival instincts are strong

Life is short, so you should live life to the fullest.

“You have to be selfish to become successful.” -MJ

Slide27

1

st

Period Thesis:

People should be more concerned about themselves as opposed to others for human nature is inherently selfish; in addition, if you sacrifice too much of yourself, you cannot help anyone else

.2nd Body Paragraph: One must take care of his or her individual needs first before he or she can be of any help to someone else. In the memoir A Long Way Gone

, Ishmael Beah must confront the demons of his child soldier past before he can speak out and help other children heal from their experience. Ishmael spent time at a rehabilitation center in order to cope with his PTSD symptoms, which allows him to share his message of redemption when he speaks at UN conferences. By dealing with your own hurts first, you can become an instrument of healing for others. Sometimes it is necessary to put your own needs first for the greater good.

Slide28

Slide29

Additional Practice

Prompt 2:

Write an essay explaining whether second chances are important.

Prompt 3:

Write an essay explaining why it is sometimes necessary to make sacrifices.

Slide30

Prompt

2:

Write an essay explaining whether second chances are important

.

Thesis:

Important

Not Important

Slide31

Prompt 3

:

Write an essay explaining why it is sometimes necessary to make sacrifices.

Ideas:

Thesis:

Slide32

Tuesday’s Slides

Slide33

Warm Up: Tuesday, Oct. 27

A

complex sentence

consists of an independent clause

and one or more dependent clauses. Using a relative pronoun (who, whom, that, or which) also creates a dependent clause.Directions: Underline the dependent clause in each of the sentences below.I know the woman who owns that store

.The DVD that you borrowed last week is due at the library today.The student whom I recommend for class president is Lindsey

.

**You will see examples of complex sentences on your homework (back side) that use relative pronouns to create dependent clauses! Make sure you mark them as complex and not simple!

Slide34

Warm Up: Tuesday, Oct. 27

Directions:

Underline the dependent clause in each of the sentences below.

I

know the woman who owns that store.The DVD that you borrowed last week is due at the library today.The

student whom I recommend for class president is Lindsey.

Slide35

Expository Essay Organization

Introduction + thesis sentence

Body Paragraph 1

Topic Sentence

EvidenceAnalysisTransition sentence / concluding sentenceBody Paragraph 2Topic SentenceEvidenceAnalysisTransition sentence / concluding sentenceConclusion

Slide36

Body Paragraph Organization

This should look familiar!

*Topic Sentence (sentence 1) – shows the main idea of the paragraph (baby thesis statement)

*Evidence (sentences 2 and 3) – example, facts/data, and quotes

*Analysis (4 and 5) – your analysis, explanation, or interpretation of your evidence. *Concluding/Transition Sentence (6) – wraps up the main idea of the paragraph, or leads the reader into the idea of the next paragraph

Slide37

Here’s w

here things

c

hange…

You don’t have books to pull text evidence from on the STAAR test! Since you won’t be able to embed quotes, where does your evidence come from?

Slide38

Evidence Options

Definition:

Facts or examples to

prove

that your ideas are true

1. Literary examples:

- using well known examples from literature to prove a point.

Ex:

In Homer’s

Odyssey

, Odysseus’ dedication to get home to his wife

Penelope after 20 years lost at sea proves the value of sacrifice and

loyalty.

2.

Historical examples (events or people):

- using well known examples from history to prove your ideas.

Ex: Rosa Parks demonstrates how one woman’s involvement in her

community impacted not only a single city, but an entire country.

3. Personal examples:

- using your own life experiences to relate to your audience

Ex: Having to balance school work, a job, and theater rehearsals was one

element of my high school experience that caused extreme stress.

Slide39

Analysis

Definition:

explaining to the audience how your evidence connects to your

thesis

.

Strong analysis (connects evidence to the big picture):

Many students experience similar juggling acts as I did, trying to succeed both academically and extra-

curricularly

. These students lack the time management skills needed to balance all of their activities, leading to an amount of stress that was not experienced in middle school.

Weak analysis (

only applies to the writer

):

Trying to keep up with all my stuff was just crazy. It was really hard to stay focused on all the things I was supposed to do. I don’t remember feeling that way in middle school.

Slide40

Body Paragraph Organization

An example of an entire paragraph:

One negative change that many students experience from middle school to high school is an increased amount of stress.

Having to balance school

work, a job, and theater rehearsals was one element of my

high school experience that caused an increased amount of stress

for

me.

Many students experience similar juggling acts as I did, trying to succeed both academically and

extra-

curricularly

. These students

lack the time management skills needed to balance all

of their

activities, leading to an amount of stress that was not experienced in middle school

.

Even though the increased stress can be difficult, learning those time management skills are a valuable life lesson for students.

Slide41

Strong Transitions

Your reader needs to see how your ideas

connect

or where your ideas are about to

change.Here is a toolbox of strong transition words to use in your writing

Therefore Even though

However Consequently

Furthermore In addition,


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