Section 1-The Economy:. Economic Activities. Agriculture. Mining and Fishing. Industry. Tourism. Agriculture. Traditional Methods:. Subsistence farming is common. Terracing. Digging sticks and hand plows. ID: 721608
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Section 1-The Economy:
Mining and Fishing
Subsistence farming is common
Digging sticks and hand plowsHand-carried water from wells or riversAnimal Power is used – yaks, camels, oxen, elephantsSlide4
Conditions: Wide variety of farm types
Rice PaddiesHuge PlantationsModern Mechanized FarmsSlide5
Improvements:The high population in South Asia is a challenge, requiring farming methods that produce higher crop yields.
The “Green Revolution” involves using modern techniques (managed irrigation, fertilizers, high-yield varieties of crops) to increase food production.
Opponents point out the pollution caused by using more chemical pesticides and fertilizers, posing health hazards.Slide7
Mining and Fishing
Mining: (see map on p. 630)
Mining and Fishing
Fishing:Rich fishing resources provide a living for many people in South Asia
Fresh and Dried FishSlide9
India’s Evolving Economy:
After WWII, India pursued an economic policy of “Self-Sufficiency”.
By the 1960, their economy slowed and they decided it was time to become part of the Global Economy.
The government allowed foreign investment in the 1990s, deregulated many industries, and allowed more private ownership of businesses.The middle class expanded due to the economic growth.
It has also led to growing inequality between the lower and upper classes.Slide10
Traditional crafts (Cottage Industries) of textile weaving, making shoes, jewelry, and woodcarving form the base of the region’s light industry.
Many people were urged to maintain their traditional, family-centered industries by Mohandas Gandhi, who created homespun cotton fabric.
In the 1970s, some countries, such as Bangladesh, began a “microcredit” program, providing small business loans to impoverished people. Many of these people were women.Slide11
India manufactures iron, steel, cement, and heavy machinery.
Bangladesh also manufactures iron, steel, and cement.
India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh recycle iron and steel in an industry called “ship breaking”.Workers use sledgehammers and blowtorches to dismantle old or damaged ships, and the iron and steel is melted down and re-used.Slide12
Since the 1980s, service industries have increased in importance.
India and Pakistan have benefitted from wholesale and retail trade, and government services.Slide13
The High-Technology Sector:
High tech is a growing industry in South Asia.
Indian computer professionals are in high demand.
“India’s Silicon Valley”- the computer industry is flourishing, (cities of Bengaluru and Hyderabad).
2004-2005, India was the world’s leading exporter of software services.India has the potential to become a leading manufacturer of computer hardware.
They are already seeing growth in the manufacture of televisions and communications equipment.Slide14
Several South Asian nations are attracting millions of tourists each year.
Nepal draws tourists to photograph wild animals and climb the Himalayan slopes.
Ecotourism encourages responsible interaction with the environment and endangered species, and supports preservation efforts.
India’s temples and festivals attract millions.Border disputes and conflict have cut tourism in some places, such as Sri Lanka, and the Indian-Pakistan border area.
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