PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about heart disease and

PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about heart disease and PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about heart disease and - Start

2018-12-12 7K 7 0 0

PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about heart disease and - Description

stroke. High Blood Pressure. Millions of Canadians at risk of . cardiovascular disease. Over 4.7 million people still smoke. Over 60% of Canadians are above a healthy weight. 19% have high blood pressure. ID: 740330 Download Presentation

Download Presentation

PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about heart disease and




Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about hear..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentations text content in PROTECT YOUR HEALTH The facts about heart disease and

Slide1

PROTECT YOUR HEALTH

The facts about heart disease and

stroke

High Blood Pressure

Slide2

Millions of Canadians at risk of

cardiovascular disease

Over 4.7 million people still smoke

Over 60% of Canadians are above a healthy weight19% have high blood pressure

“Ninety percent of Canadians have at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease – which makes it more important than ever for the Heart and Stroke Foundation to support research into the root causes of  the  heart disease risk factors AND discovery of successful strategies to prevent the development of these risk factors.” Heart and Stroke Foundation Researcher Dr. Sonia Anand MD PhD FRCPc Professor of Medicine, McMaster University

Slide3

Topics for today

How the heart works

Warning signs of heart attack

How the brain worksWarning signs of strokeRisk factors, high blood pressureWhat the Heart and Stroke Foundation is doing

Slide4

How the Heart Works

Slide5

The heart

Is a muscle the size of a clenched fist

Is located behind the breastbone

Pumps about 100,000 times a dayPumps about 7,600 litres of blood per day

Slide6

Anatomy of the heart

Slide7

Atherosclerosis

Plaque

Slide8

Heart attacks

Blood flow through coronary arteries is blocked

Vital blood supply to heart muscle is cut off

About 70,000 heart attacks each yearVictims can often recover if treated immediately

Slide9

Warning signs of a heart attack

Chest discomfort

(uncomfortable chest pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain, burning or heaviness)

Discomfort in other areas of the upper body (neck, jaw, shoulders, arms, back)

Slide10

Warning signs of a heart attack

Shortness of breath

Sweating

Nausea

Light-headedness

Slide11

Warning signs of a heart attack

If you are experiencing any of the warning signs of a heart attack ….

Call 9-1-1

or your local emergency number IMMEDIATELYStop all activity

Take your normal dose of nitroglycerin (if prescribed)If you are experiencing chest pain, take one dose of 160-325mg of ASA. Rest until the EMS arrive

Slide12

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Most important factor in reducing pre-hospital deaths from cardiac arrest

CPR courses teach lifesaving skills

The Heart and Stroke Foundation collaborated on Resuscitation Guidelines in the US and Canada

“It only takes a few minutes to save a life. CPR and defibrillation if administered early can triple or quadruple a person’s chance of survival.”Heart and Stroke Foundation researcher Ian G. Stiell, MD, MSc, FRCPC

Professor

and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine,

University of Ottawa

Distinguished Professor and University Health Research Chair,

University of Ottawa

Slide13

Automated external defibrillator (AED)

Automatically analyses heart rhythm

Delivers controlled shock if needed to restore normal heart rhythm

Now found in public places such as sports arenas and airportsFor course information, please call1-888-HSF-INFO

Slide14

How the Brain Works

Slide15

The brain

Slide16

A stroke is…

An injury to a part of the brain caused by interruption of blood flow

Research has shown us that when blood

flow is reduced, the brain tries to protect itself by releasing certain chemicals. In the short term, these chemicals can be protective but if blood flow is not restored quickly, they can actually contribute to brain damage. These insights have opened up new possibilities for developing drugs to protect the brain—agents that we call neuroprotectives.” Heart and Stroke Foundation ResearcherYu Tian Wang, PhD Heart and Stroke Foundation of British Columbia and Yukon Chair in Stroke ResearchProfessor, Department of Medicine,

University of British Columbia

Slide17

Ischemic strokes

Slide18

Hemorrhagic strokes

Slide19

Warning signs of a stroke

Weakness

- Sudden loss of strength or sudden numbness in the face, arm or leg, even if temporary

Trouble speaking

– Sudden difficulty speaking or understanding or sudden confusion, even if temporary

Vision problems

– Sudden trouble with vision, even if temporary

Stroke can be treated. That’s why its so important to recognize and respond to the warning signs.

Slide20

Warning signs of a stroke

If you experience any of these symptoms,

Call

9-1-1

or your local emergency number IMMEDIATELY

React immediately

Headache

– Sudden severe and unusual headache

Dizziness

– Sudden loss of balance, especially with any of the above signs

Slide21

Risk Factors for

Heart Disease

and Stroke

Slide22

Risk factors you can’t control

Age

Gender

Family historyEthnicityPrior stroke or TIA

Slide23

What you can do to lower your risk

Know and control your blood

pressure

Know and control your blood cholesterolManage your diabetesMaintain a healthy weightEat a healthy diet

Limit alcohol consumptionBe physically activeBe smoke-freeReduce stress

Slide24

Know and control your high blood pressure

High blood pressure has no visible symptoms

Should be checked at least every two years by

a healthcare professionalVisit heartandstroke.ca/bp

Slide25

“Blood pressure measures how hard blood pushes against the blood vessel walls.”

Copyright 1996 Tim Peters and Company, Inc. All rights reserved.

W

hat is high blood pressure

Slide26

Blood pressure has TWO numbers

Top number = pressure when heart contracts (systolic)

Bottom number = pressure when heart relaxes (diastolic)

Example: healthy BP = 120 80

Slide27

Classifications of hypertension

Category

Systolic

Diastolic

Optimal

<120-129

<80-85 mm Hg

High blood pressure

140

90 mm Hg or higher

High normal

130-139

80-89 mm Hg or higher

Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP), 2012

Slide28

High blood pressure can:

Increase risk of stroke

Increase risk of heart disease

Damage kidneys and eyesCause impotence

Disrupt circulation

Slide29

Risk factors you can’t change

Age

Family history

Ethnic backgroundSouth AsianAboriginal PeoplesPeople of African Descent

Slide30

Risk factors you can change

Take your blood pressure medication as prescribed

Understand and monitor your blood pressure

Be smoke-freeMaintain a healthy weightMaintain a balanced diet

Get activeLimit alcohol intakeManage stress

Slide31

How often should I check my blood pressure?

Category

Frequency

Optimal

At least every two years by a healthcare provider

130-139

85-89

E

very year

or as recommended by your doctor

Above

139

89

Check often – your doctor will tell you just how often

Slide32

If using a home blood pressure monitor:

Ask doctor’s advice

Record results and show to doctor

Select monitor endorsed by Hypertension Canada

Ensure correct cuff sizeCheck monitor for accuracyLearn and use proper measurement technique

Slide33

“White coat hypertension”

A few people have high blood pressure when they visit the doctor’s office but have normal blood pressure when they go about their usual daily activities.

Regular monitoring is required, as many people with WCH may develop high blood pressure over time.

Slide34

Preparing to take your blood pressure:

Wait 2 hours after a big meal or heavy exercise

Wait 30 minutes after exercising, smoking or drinking caffeine

Don’t measure if you are in pain or upsetBe in calm warm environment

Empty your bladder or bowelSit quietly with your arm and back supported for 5 minutes prior

Slide35

When taking your blood pressure:

Do not speak

Be seated

Keep back supported Keep legs uncrossedKeep feet flat on the floor

Ensure arm is supportedPlace cuff on bare arm, 3 cm above fold of elbow, at heart level

Slide36

Know and control your blood cholesterol

Ask your doctor if you are at risk and should

be tested

Can be lowered by reducing your fat intake and being physically activeMay be controlled with medication

Slide37

Manage your diabetes

Damages blood vessels, causes circulation problems

Reduce risk of diabetes by healthy diet, activity, weight control

Control diabetes to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke

Slide38

Maintain a healthy weight

Achieve and maintain a healthy body weight by enjoying regular physical activity and healthy eating

Small weight loss can significantly reduce risk

Visit heartandstroke.ca/healthyliving

“With over 60% of Canadians being over-weight or obese, we are faced with a serious public health problem.” Heart and Stroke Foundation Researcher Bruce A. Reeder MD, MHSc, FRCPCDepartment of Community Health and EpidemiologyUniversity of Saskatchewan

Slide39

Eat a balanced healthy diet

Enjoy a variety of foods from the four food groups

Choose lower fat dairy products, leaner meats and watch your portion size

Find delicious recipes and helpful cooking tips atheartandstroke.ca/recipes

Slide40

Reduce dietary salt

Choose fresh foods

Prepare home cooked meals

Season foods with herbs, salt-free spices, lemon, vinegar, garlic and onionLimit intake of salty condiments

Avoid salty processed foodsLook for products with the Health Check™symbol

Slide41

Limit alcohol consumption

Women—no more than 2 drinks/day to a maximum of 10 drinks/week

Men—no more than 3 drinks/day to a maximum of 15 drinks/week

These guidelines do not apply if you are driving a vehicle,

taking medications or other drugs that interact with alcohol, pregnant or are trying to get pregnant or breastfeeding, making important decisions, doing any kind of dangerous physical activity, living with alcohol dependence or mental or physical health problems, or responsible for the safety of others. If you are concerned about how drinking may affect your health, talk to your doctor

Slide42

Be physically active

Adults aged 18-64 should accumulate at least

150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity per week in bouts of

10 minutes or moreBe active most days of the weekConsult a healthcare professional before starting an activity program

Slide43

Be smoke-free

Smoking cessation programs improve the

chances of quitting

Visit heartandstroke.ca for tips on quitting successfully

“After you quit smoking, your risk of heart attack begins to decrease within just two days. Within a year it’s cut in half. And within 10 to 15 years, your risk of heart disease is almost the same as a non-smoker’s.”

Heart and Stroke Foundation researcher

Paul

W. McDonald,

PHD

Professor and Chair, Health

Studies and Gerontology

University

of Waterloo

Slide44

Reduce stress

Recognize sources of stress

Consider relaxation exercises

Ask for help from family, friends, or a healthcare professional

Slide45

What the

Heart and Stroke Foundation is doing

Slide46

The Heart and Stroke Foundation at work in your community

World class research

Advocating for social change

CPR/AEDsPromoting healthy living

Slide47

Interested in volunteering?

Visit

heartandstroke.ca

Call 1-888-HSF-INFOContact your local area office

Slide48

Visit

heartandstroke.ca

and sign up today!

Slide49

What can YOU do?

Learn about your risk factors and how to reduce their impact

Know the warning signs of heart disease and stroke and what to do

Learn CPRBecome a volunteerSign up for He@lthlineVisit

heartandstroke.ca

Slide50

Thank you!


About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.