Cause and Consequence Why do events happen, and what are their impacts?
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Cause and Consequence Why do events happen, and what are their impacts?

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Cause and Consequence Why do events happen, and what are their impacts?




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Presentation on theme: "Cause and Consequence Why do events happen, and what are their impacts?"— Presentation transcript:

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Cause and Consequence

Why do events happen, and what are their impacts?

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Cause and Consequence

- Change is driven by multiple causes, and results in multiple consequences- complex web of interrelated short-term and long-term causes and consequences

- Causes that lead to an event vary in their influence, with some being more SIGNIFICANT than others

- Events result from two types of factors: (1) historical actors- people who take action and (2) social/political/economic and cultural conditions within which the actors operate

- The effects of actors actions have unforeseen, unpredictable and unintended

consequences

Slide3

Cause and Consequence

- Events result from two types of factors: (1) historical actors- people who take action and (2) social/political/economic and cultural conditions within which the actors operate

- The effects of actors actions have unforeseen, unpredictable and unintended consequences

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Agency vs. Prevailing Conditions

- Agency (the power to act)- is essential in understanding cause and consequence

- Are we bound in our ability to act by the "iron cage" of the conditions we find ourselves? Chicken or the egg scenario for sure

- Just as their are short term and long term causes, we must also consider the same for

consequences

- a

major issue of

adolescents learning history

is

that there is a tendency to focus on the short range, immediate consequences of an

event….for example…

Slide8

Your most recent math mark

Causes?

Consequences?

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Counterfactuals in History

- Easy way to show that history is not predetermined or inevitable- What If?

- Apply the conditions of the time to the agency of the historical actors- was there any other possible action?

- What would the consequences of the other possible actions(s) have been?

- What if

Gavrilo

Princeps

had not assassinated the archduke?

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