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Unit Seven: Cities and Urban Land Use
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Unit Seven: Cities and Urban Land Use Advanced Placement Human Geography
Early Urbanization Around the MediterraneanSlide3
Early SettlementsSettlements were originally established in the area around the eastern Mediterranean Sea
about 2500 years ago by forerunners of the
ancient Greek s.Slide4
were organized into self-governing
that included the nearby countryside.Slide5
City-statesThe city-states provided the following for the surrounding hinterland:government
other public servicesSlide6
The GreeksAthens was probably the first city to reach a population of 100,000 during the 5th and 4th
The RomansWhen the Romans succeeded the Greeks as rulers of the region, their urban empire incorporated:a
large part of Europe’s interior
ormer Mesopotamian landsSlide8
The RomansMany cities were part of the hinterlands.
reached a population of 250,000 inhabitants in the second century B.C.E.Slide9
The RomansThe cities of the
were connected by land and sea routes.
were so expertly built that many are still intact today.Slide10
Ruins of a Roman City
These are Roman ruins in southern France. Ruins may be found in many parts of Europe and other areas controlled by Ancient Rome.Slide11
Urban Growth in ChinaSlide12
Earliest Civilizations in China
The earliest civilizations in
grew around the Huang River and its tributaries.Slide13
Earliest Civilizations in ChinaThe great Silk Road stretched from China to the Mediterranean Sea.
This trade route brought much
to Chinese cities.Slide14
Earliest Civilizations in ChinaThese cities became centers for:governmentcultureeducation
Urban Growth in ChinaBy the 11th century, the greatest of the trading cities of the south was Hangzhou.
It was home to merchants, craftsmen, and government officials.
Its primary exports included silk, copper coins, and ceramics.Slide16
EARLY URBAN CHINA
By the time of the Han Dynasty, an urban empire had developed
Medieval, Preindustrial, andIndustrial World CitiesSlide18
Medieval CitiesAfter the fall of the Roman Empire, urban life began to revive during the 11
Urban life was
stimulated by trade
between the Italian cities of Genoa and Venice and the Middle East (a result of the Crusades).Slide19
Medieval CitiesCharacteristics of medieval cities:narrow and winding streetso
(e.g. bakers, carpenters) clustered in distinct sections of the citySlide20
Medieval CitiesResidents often sought to keep out people who were different.The term “ghetto” first described the segregation of Jews in Venice.Slide21
Preindustrial citiesPrimate cities: population is more than twice as large as second largest city in the country/state; serves as a cultural
Preindustrial citiesSome scholars believe that world cities varied in this era and that it was a mistake to categorize all of them as “preindustrial.”Example:Religious buildings
dominated the landscape in the Middle East, the Americas, and Europe.Slide23
Preindustrial citiesMercantile city (developed in the pre-industrial age—before
the Industrial Revolution):
Trade was central to the design of the city.
The central square was lined with shops that specialized in products brought in by the trade routes.Slide24
The Industrial RevolutionManufacturing city Factories attracted workers from rural areas.
Small, narrow streets gave way to wide boulevards to accommodate the
flow of commercial traffic.
was introduced (where to locate businesses, houses, etc.).Slide25
The Industrial RevolutionManufacturing cityCities grew along railroad lines that connected the cities to markets.Slide26
The Industrial RevolutionManufacturing cityCities suffered from problems such as:overcrowdingsanitation
The Industrial RevolutionManufacturing cityAs cities grew, problems multiplied, although conditions improved as a result of:government intervention
ntroduction of city planning and zoningSlide28
Rural-Urban Migrationand Urban GrowthSlide29
Connection between Industry and UrbanizationIndustrial development led to urban growth during the 1800s in Europe and North America. Slide30
Today about ¾ of people in
live in urban areas.Slide31
Urban GrowthMore recently, migration from rural to urban areas has rapidly increased in the less developed countries of:AfricaAsiaLatin AmericaSlide32
As countries begin to industrialize, opportunities shift from rural to urban areas.
The pull to the city stimulates migration.Slide33
Urban GrowthNearly all countries have two things in common:The proportion of people living in cities is rising.The cities themselves are
large and growing.Slide34
Modern CitiesIn the place of great manufacturing cities are modern world cities that have become centers of:
World CitiesThe three world cities that serve as the largest regional centers are:London
World CitiesWorld Cities—based on the centrality/accessibility of the following servicesBusiness
(offices, stock exchanges, transportation hubs)
(retail, entertainment, cultural)
(government headquarters, seats of political power)Slide39
MegacitiesMegacities have populations of more than 10 million people in their metropolitan/urbanized areas.
The term was created by the United Nations in the 1970s.
No cities were that large in 1900
MegacitiesTen largest megacities in the world: Tokyo Mexico City*
Seoul, South Korea
New York City
Sao Paulo, Brazil*
Los Angeles, CA
*Located in the semi-peripherySlide41
MegacitiesMany megacities in less developed countries house new arrivals in:overpopulated apartment buildingstenements
MegacitiesMany megacities are unable to control expansion and haphazard development
that seriously affect the quality of life within the urban area.Slide43
Key Terms to ReviewEarly settlementsCity-statesGreeksRoman Empire
Rural to urban migration
Unit Seven: Cities and Urban Land Use - Description
Advanced Placement Human Geography Session 3 Early Urbanization Around the Mediterranean Early Settlements Settlements were originally established in the area around the eastern ID: 647103 Download Presentation
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