, 2017. The Age of Discovery, for many European countries, was an extremely exciting moment as new lands were being discovered which brought forth new riches of wealth of European nations. .. Gold, fish, silver, cotton, beaver pelts, are a few examples of the resources European nations came across .... ID: 693833
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The Age of Discovery, for many European countries, was an extremely exciting moment as new lands were being discovered which brought forth new riches of wealth of European nations
Gold, fish, silver, cotton, beaver pelts, are a few examples of the resources European nations came across with the discovery of these new lands.Slide3
End of the Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery ended in the early 1600s.
New technological advances and increased knowledge of the now known world made it easier for Europeans to travel across the globe.
In addition, the creation of settlements/colonies along coast lines in new areas created a network of communication and trade, therefore ending the need to continue the search for new routes.Slide4
Not the end of exploration entirely….
It is worth noting that some explorers continued their quest for the search of new lands.
Regions such as Australia (1770) and parts of Africa (1800s-1900s) were explored far past when the Age of Discovery was considered to be over.Slide5
The Age of Discovery would start a process which begun in the 1400s and
the early 1900s. This process
became known as
is the policy of extending a nation's
by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of
over other nations.
Imperialism is the idea of expanding one’s empire.Slide6
Cannot stress this enough – Imperialism is built on the desire to increase
wealth and power
There are two forms of Imperialism:
Old Imperialism – 1400s to early 1800s
New Imperialism – 1880 - 1914Slide8
The Start of Imperialism
Territorial expansion on the continent of Europe became less desirable as the balance of the power system had made need to expand power an expensive plan.
Therefore, European countries took to the seas.Slide9
European Powers directed their attentions to new colonies and claiming new land for their desire of territorial expansion.
Not only do we witness a shift of authority and power within European nations, but also a demonstration of authority and power on the Indigenous peoples within those regions.Slide10
What countries were imperialized
South American Countries
90% of African Countries
Many South Asian CountriesSlide11Slide12Slide13Slide14
What came out of Imperialism
The impact of empire-building.Slide15
, farms, and ranches were cultivated to maximize profits for the European colonists.
of new crops – movements of goods across the
, potatoes, tomatoes, beans, peppers, peanuts and tobacco.
have the beginning of the fur trade, especially in Canada, where you
trading with First Nations People.
for beaver pelts.Slide16
By extension, it brought globalization (trade).
Introduction of industrialization & modern technologies.
Guns, transportation, infrastructure, health care and
Education & scientific thinking
Exchanging of cultural ideas, traditions, and customs.Slide17
Cultural Imperialism - Ethnocentrism
Aboriginal Peoples/Indigenous Peoples/Native Peoples occurred
Meaning that the Europeans forced their own traditions upon many of the First Nations
structure (religion, culture & language)
as an alternative to ‘barbaric’ First Nation societies
War between colonies and Indigenous peoples.Slide18
Introduction of new diseases to the New World
late 1800s, millions of First Nations Peoples died mostly from
First Nations Peoples did not have immunities to many European
has a larger ripple effect as it begun to weaken the traditional societies of the First Nations Peoples. In some cases, some cultures were lost completely because of European
Natives were exploited to work on plantations or farms as slaves.
Africans were forced into labour and involved in the slave trade as well.
Natural resources were taken without payment.
Nations that resisted expansion in their territory were often killed causing war and genocide.
Wars between European Nations for land occurred along with wars between conqueror and conquered.Slide20
The question we need to ask ourselves is what overarching affects imperialism had on the world.
Age of Discovery was a moment in history which can be considered as ground breaking for many Europeans of that day. However, what inspired from the Age of Discovery produced a negative result on our world that still feels the effects in today’s society.Slide21
The power and authority that the Europeans demonstrated throughout the period of imperialism affects us greatly today.
see many examples of this European power through the killing of the Aztec, Mayan, and Incan populations and through the
assimilation (the “cultural genocide”)
that took place here in Canada.
question we need to ask ourselves is, does this idea of European power still exist