Imperialism Define Imperialism
Presentations text content in Imperialism Define Imperialism
List reasons for ImperialismSlide2
1823, Monroe Doctrine
“Our policy in regard to Europe… is not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers… But in regard to those continents (of the Western Hemisphere), circumstances are eminently and conspicuously different. It is impossible that the allied (European) powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness.”Slide3
More Land!!! Imperialism
Policy of Social Darwinism: stronger nations extend their economic, political or military control over weaker
1. desire for military strength
2. New markets
3. belief in Cultural superioritySlide4
Factors at work
By 1890 3
largest naval power in world9 new steel hull cruisers and 2 battleships
Technology (over production and need for resources) = need new markets
Could be answer for unemployment?
Our Anglo-Saxon racial superiority!!! Must spread “civilized” ideas.Slide5
Factors that push towards imperialism
Commerce/trade – investment
US investments 1869-1908Slide6
US Foreign Trade: 1870-1914Slide7
Answer the following questions on a sheet of paper
1. List the factors of American imperialism?
2. Which country did the US defeat for the rights to Cuba?
3. What document could have the United States use to justify the war in Cuba?Slide8
Study the cartoon. What is the author trying to say?Slide9
The Spanish-American War
April - August, 1898Slide10
We touch it, it’s ours!
1889 Annex Hawaii (1959 becomes state # 50)
“A splendid little war” Secretary of State John Hay about the Spanish-American War
April – August 1898
Cubans revolt against ___________?
The war of the United States with Spain was very brief.
Its results were many, startling, and of world-wide meaning.
--Henry Cabot LodgeSlide12
De Lôme Letter
Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish
Ambassador to the U.S.
weak and a
bidder for the admiration
of the crowd, besides
being a would-be politician
who tries to leave a door
open behind himself while
keeping on good terms
with the jingoes of his
Cuba began a revolt against _________.
fought daily, then blended away . . .(?)Slide14
Spain segregated the fighters from the citizens, killing 321,934 people(?)
Condemned by American
Philippines began revolt
Gen. Valeriano Weyler y NicolauSlide15
Fighting intensified across Cuba(?)Slide17
US fears Spanish riots in Cuba
Jan - USS Maine sent to Havana
Feb - USS Maine exploded in port
Remember the Maine
and to Hell with Spain!Slide20Slide21
Navy determines the
hit a Spanish mine
Likely exploded due to internal explosion!
US declared war in April
War ended in AugustSlide22
Results (Treaty of Paris) Dec.
US took control of
Guam & the
Roosevelt became well-
known (Rough Riders)
Newspapers became more
They fueled public sentiment against SpainSlide23
The American Anti-Imperialist
Founded in 1899.
Mark Twain, Andrew
James, and William
Jennings Bryan among
Campaigned against the annexation of the
Philippines and other
acts of imperialism.Slide24
Arguments against Imperialism
Tradition – “isolationism” unilateralism
Own colonial experiences – violated self determination
Expense and use of resources Racism
End of Reform – focus on own needs/problemsSlide25
US took control of
Guam & the Philippines
Roosevelt became well-known
Newspapers became more
They fueled public sentiment against
Great Power Status – JingoismSlide27
Teller vs. Platt Amendment
In April 1898 Senator Henry M. Teller (Colorado) "hereby disclaims any disposition of intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island except for pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people."
The Senate passed the amendment on April 19. True to the letter of the Teller Amendment, after Spanish troops left the island in 1898, the United States occupied Cuba until 1902.
Platt Amendment introduced by Senator Orville Platt (R-Connecticut) in February 1901.
"the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty..." The Platt Amendment was finally abrogated on May 29, 1934.Slide28
Berlin Conference *1884Slide29Slide30Slide31
Open Door notes: China
Imperialist powers agree to share China
1. belief of US economy growth depend on exports
2. US had right to intervene abroad to keep foreign markets open
3. fear if closed to American products, citizens, or ideas threatened US survival.
Panama Canal (1904-1914)
Roosevelt Corollary “Speak softly and carry a big stick”, US would use force in Latin America to protect its’ interests!
Dollar Diplomacy: Wilson – give loans take over countries!Slide32
Boxer Rebellion (1900)
peasants in northern China, secret society known as I-ho
("Righteous and Harmonious Fists"), called the "Boxers" by Western
believed would make them impervious to bullets.
wanted to destroy the Ch'ing dynasty (which had ruled China for over 250 years) and wanted to rid China of all foreign influence
Empress Dowager backed the Boxers, the Boxers turned solely to ridding China of foreigners.
By late 1899, bands of Boxers were massacring Christian missionaries and Chinese Christians.
May 1900, the Boxer Rebellion had come out of the countryside and was being waged in the capital of Peking (now Beijing).
international force of 2,100 American, British, Russian, French, Italian, and Japanese soldiers were sent to subdue the "rebellion."
On June 18, 1900, the Empress Dowager ordered all foreigners to be killed. Several foreign ministers and their families were killed before the international force could protect them.
On August 14, 1900, the international force took Peking and subdued the rebellion.
The Boxer Rebellion weakened the Ch'ing dynasty's power and hastened the Republican Revolution of 1911 that overthrew the boy emperor and made China a republic.