Speech & Language Disorders (SL) - PowerPoint Presentation

Speech & Language Disorders (SL)
Speech & Language Disorders (SL)

Speech & Language Disorders (SL) - Description


EDUC 306 Kate Willadsen DefinitionPrevalence A Speech and Language Impairment is a communication disorder such as stuttering impaired articulation a language impairment or a voice impairment that adversely affects educational performance ID: 579136 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Speech & Language Disorders (SL)

EDUC 306

Kate Willadsen Slide2

Definition/Prevalence

A Speech and Language Impairment is a communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects educational performance

Approximately 20% of children in special education services receive services for speech and language

18.6% of students (ages 6-21) that are served under IDEA are classified as having a speech or language impairmentSlide3

Speech vs. Language

Language: the system of communicating ideas

Language Disorders may be problems using/comprehending language

Speech

: the system of forming and producing sounds that are the basis of language

Speech disorders may be:

Voice

Articulation

Fluency DisordersSlide4

Speech Impairment

Characteristics- Voice

When a voice is:

Chronically strained

Hoarse

Breathy

Nasally

Or not present at all

Is not at an appropriate volume Slide5

Speech Impairment Characteristics- Articulation

Difficulty pronouncing words

Omissions in words

Additions in words

Distortions (Lisping)

SubstitutionsSlide6

Speech Impairment Characteristics- Fluency

Stuttering

Prolongation or blockage of a word or part of a wordSlide7

Characteristics of Language Disorders

Phonology- the ability to blend and segment sounds that individual letters or groups of letters make to form words

Morphology- the meaningful structure of words

Syntax- the grammatical structure of language (word order/noun-verb agreement)

Semantics- the meanings of words used in language

Aphasia-difficulties speaking or comprehending languageSlide8

Causes for Speech or Language Impairments

Most cases are unknown

Severe language delays in childhood development

Voice disorders can be caused by growths, infections or trauma to the larynx

Infections of the tonsils, adenoid glands, sinuses

Physical disorder (Cleft Palate)Slide9

Medication

No medication available

Speech- Language Therapy

Most get better through time and therapy

Therapists advice family member how to communicate as well as possible with the child with a speech or language disorder Slide10

Special Needs Unique To This Disability

It is important to talk slow and use diction when talking to students with speech or language disorders

Speech Therapy is the biggest component to helping students with a speech or language disability

May be important to plan with speech language pathologists Slide11

New Research

Researchers have discovered one genetic variant that is connected to language impairment

This research is the very first to connect the presence of a distinct genetic mutation to any language impairment

Research is continuing to see if they can identify the role of the genetic variant in dyslexia, autism and speech-sound disordersSlide12

Example

Elizabeth

3 years old

Articulation Disorder

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=

PYxM229pAzwSlide13

Lesson Plan

http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/lesson-plan/look-life-cycles

-lesson

-

plan

Fall Lesson Plan Slide14

Modifications

Put child with speech or lang. disorder with a group of accepting students who work well with him/her

Have examples of the trees in the different seasons ready for students to look at when creating their art work

Have vocabulary words already printed on a sheet with the sounds broken up of each word so it’s easier for the student to pronounce it

Model being a tree and acting out how a tree grows from a little seed

Have the directions on a sheet already prepared for the students so they receive oral and written directions

If the student uses communication tools have them handy and already programmed to what we are learningSlide15

Accommodations That Can Be Made For A Child With A Speech 0r Language Impairment

Desk in the front of the room (Easier listening & easy access for teacher help)

May have a special cueing system for them talking in class

Prerecord anticipated responses for them to respond with in class on any technology provided

Use Alternative or Augmentative Communication techniques – aided and unaided

Maximize student engagement

Appropriate pace of instruction

Allow sufficient time for them to respond

Provide an outline of what is to be learnt

Use vocabulary guides Slide16

Test Questions

What are 3 accommodations you can make for a child with a speech or language disorder?

What is the best component for helping a child with a speech or language disorder?

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