Substituent PowerPoint Presentations - PPT
240 . Chem. 1. The expressing . aromatic compounds . came to mean . benzene. . and derivatives of benzene. .. . Structure of Benzene: Resonance Description. C. 6. H. 6. It contains a six-membered ring and three additional degrees of unsaturation..
The . parent name . indicates the number of carbons in the . longest continuous chain. .. The . suffix. indicates what . functional group. is present.. The . prefix. tells us the identity, location, and number of substituents attached to the carbon chain..
Conformational and Geometrical Isomerism. Hydrocarbons. . are . compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen. . There are three main classes of hydrocarbons, based on the types of carbon–carbon bonds present. .
2. UV Spectroscopy. Introduction. UV radiation and Electronic Excitations. The difference in energy between molecular bonding, non-bonding and anti-bonding orbitals ranges from 125-650 kJ/mole. This energy corresponds to EM radiation in the ultraviolet (UV) region, 100-350 nm, and visible (VIS) regions 350-700 nm of the spectrum.
The Structure of Alkanes. Nomenclature of Organic Compounds. Alkyl groups. Numbering the parent carbon chain. The root name is that of the longest continuous carbon chain (. parent carbon chain. ) . Groups attached to the main chain are called .
When an alkane has four or more carbon atoms, the atoms can be arranged so that a side group called a . branch . or. . substituent. . . is attached to a carbon chain.. Learning Goal . . Write the IUPAC names for alkanes with substituents and draw their condensed and line-angle structural formulas. .
9-4. Organic esters are derivatives of carboxylic acids.. Inorganic esters are the analogous derivatives of inorganic acids.. Organic and Inorganic Esters from Alcohols. 9-4. Alcohols react with carboxylic acids to give organic esters..