Developing Degree Apprenticeships

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Developing Degree Apprenticeships




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Presentations text content in Developing Degree Apprenticeships

Slide1

Developing Degree Apprenticeships

6 September 2017

Slide2

Introduction

2

Slide3

Workshop aims and objectives

3

Provide you with a clear picture of

‘current’ provision

Better understand (potential)

scale and nature of growth

Bring in

IFF’s knowledge of employer opinion Explore issues around developingand delivering degree apprenticeships

Slide4

Key Sources

4

IFF Apprenticeship Evaluation Survey

AGR

Employer Research

UUK

HEI ResearchILR analysisQualitative interviews

Slide5

September 2015

Degree Apprenticeships launched

Government announces Degree Apprenticeships

March 2017

Outcomes of register applications announced

April 2017

Apprenticeship Levy introduced

November 2016

Applications for the Register of Training Providers open

A brief history…

Number of standards approved for delivery

Source: Learning Aims Reference Service (LARS) data

Slide6

Current Provision

6

Slide7

Degree apprenticeships: by subject area

7

No. of standards under development

1

1*

1*

1

11 3 5 +1+7+2 +5 +1

+3

+1

+1

+1

No. of standards approved

(Aug 2017)

* One degree level apprenticeship

framework

also remains available in each of these two subject areas

Source: Learning Aims Reference Service (LARS) data, Individualised Learner Record (

ILR

)

1,573 degree apprentices (Nov 2016)

Slide8

Degree apprentices: a profile

8

Younger age profile than Higher apprentices and other apprentices; mostly under 25.

Age profile suggests Degree Apprenticeships are in practice a stand-alone route, rather than a progression from other apprenticeships.

Degree Apprentices are

less likely

than other apprentices or HE first degree students to be:

femalefrom an ethnic minoritylive in a deprived area (IMD index)This may be partly a consequence of wider biases relating to:

specific

subject areas

offered

geographical spread

Source: Individualised Learner Record (

ILR

) Nov 2016, ONS

IMD

index (2017)

Slide9

Degree apprentices: distribution of learners

9

Degree apprenticeship learners are found in all parts of the UK, but are concentrated in the North West and West Midlands.

Very specific patterns by standard

Chartered Surveyor

Manufacturing Engineer

Source: Individualised Learner Record (

ILR) Nov 2016

Slide10

Degree apprenticeship learners and providers: by standard

10

Source: Individualised Learner Record (

ILR

) Nov 2016

Slide11

Degree apprenticeship employers: a profile

11

287

employers involved, as of November 2016 – a tiny minority of UK companies so far.

Not just employers with long involvement in apprenticeships and large schemes

Source: Individualised Learner Record (

ILR

) Nov 2016

Slide12

Future Growth

12

Slide13

Employer Demand

13

Half of employers surveyed for

AGR

Research (mostly large) were offering or planning to offer one or more of the standards available.

Source:

AGR

, November 2016

Slide14

Estimated number of starts by year (

AGR

)

14

UUK

data

2016/17 – 2,121 starts

2017/18 – 4,850 starts (128% growth)Source: AGR, November 2016

Slide15

Sectors institutions are interested in developing (

UUK

)

15

Source:

UUK

Slide16

Impact of funding reform – started April 2017

16

Charging a

levy to £3m+ payroll employers

, of 0.5% of their wage bill;

Refunding this to a

digital account

which can only be spent on apprenticeship training;Charging a contribution (up to 10%) to apprenticeship fees to smaller employers not paying the levy.Awareness of levy reasonably high:…of apprentice employers likely to pay the apprenticeship levy were aware of it immediately prior76%…of apprentice employers say they plan to increase provision of Degree Apprenticeships due to the funding reforms

16%

Increase in provision amongst levy payers:

Employers worried and may seek to recoup the outlay:

Covering support roles alongside ‘core’ areas

Moving into higher / degree level apprenticeships

Significant increase expected in apprenticeships for existing staff

Higher / Degree level Management Apprenticeships often mentioned as an area of future interest

The Apprenticeship Levy – how will employers respond

Source: Apprenticeships Evaluation,

DfE

, 2016/17

Source: Apprenticeship Levy Employer Research,

IFF

, City and Guilds and

ILM

Slide17

Impact of funding reform – started April 2017

17

Charging a

levy to £3m+ payroll employers

, of 0.5% of their wage bill;

Refunding this to a

digital account

which can only be spent on apprenticeship training;Charging a contribution (up to 10%) to apprenticeship fees to smaller employers not paying the levy.of apprentice employers unlikely to pay the levy didn’t know they would have to pay the 10% contribution to costs74%But, importantly, only…Source: Apprenticeships Evaluation, DfE, 2016/17

Slide18

Barriers and Threats

18

Slide19

Low awareness amongst potential customers

19

19

…of England employers overall are aware of Degree Apprenticeships

20%

Most sectors have quite low awareness

– even those heavily targeted by degree apprenticeships like manufacturing.

Amongst employers involved in apprenticeships already, 26% feel they need more info, support or guidance.

…of parents of 11-18 year old children are aware of degree apprenticeships

20%

Affluent parents are twice as likely to know about degree apprenticeships than those from lower socio-economic backgrounds.

Employer research suggested that selling degree apprenticeships to employees may be challenging.

Employers

Individuals

Slide20

Fit with current and future labour

market needs

Availability of standards is currently patchy

20

Provision tends to be focused on industries that were involved pre-levy, and had an existing apprenticeship infrastructure:

Large employers interested in joining Trailblazers but many lack experience of apprenticeships or working with ESFA

Time-consuming development process; some apprenticeship standards have been in development since 2014

Lead to heavy reliance on cross-sector apprenticeships to claim back levy e.g. management and leadershipNew model must be less reactive and more future-focusedDrive employer demand for a wide range of standardsQuicker to develop and more responsive

Slide21

Preparedness of the HE sector

Some evidence of uncertainty and misalignment acting as a barrier to degree apprenticeships

Growing signs of confidence to adapt existing systems to deliver degree apprenticeships but some growing pains.

Factors that support implementation include:

Alignment with broader institutional priorities e.g. local growth

Dedicated teams with understanding of model, funding and ESFA requirements

Support from

senior stakeholders21“The degree apprenticeship is most likely to be a success if it maps against specific strategic priorities or objectives.” UUK 2016

Slide22

Substitution not expansion

Concerns about ‘cannibalising’ existing degrees and replacing graduate schemes

22

Currently hard to quantify due to low overall numbers but signs of repackaging…

Many are ‘built around’ an existing professional or degree qualification.

Often marketed to groups of employers with which the university has a pre-existing relationship.

Providers report that this approach is popular; they believe employers like continuity, and in many cases are happy with the existing offer.

What impact will this have?Impact will vary by type of institution.Large employer grad schemes may disappear.Revision of graduate outcome measures.DegreeApprenticeship

Slide23

23

Discussion Session

Discussion Session

Slide24

24

Employers

Apprenticeship levy as a catalyst

Addressing persistent skills gaps

Opportunity to select talented people at early stage

Recognising and rewarding the skills of existing staff

Scope to share costs and burden with supply chain partners

HE Providers

Additional income stream – financial diversification

Developing employer relations

Expanding the business engagement offer

Supporting local growth

Widening participation and promoting social mobility

Opportunities presented by Degree Apprenticeships

Slide25

Barriers / threats / challenges

25

Employers

Lack of suitable standards

Prefer ‘familiar’ graduate recruitment track

Perceptions of burden and resource-intensiveness

Concerns about calibre of recruits

Limited history of engaging with higher education sector

HE Providers

Little evidence of sufficient demand from (a) employers, (b) individuals

Perceptions of ‘watering down’ the HE offer and prestige

ESFA as an unknown and untrusted entity

Lack of buy-in from senior stakeholders

Barriers / threats to offering Degree Apprenticeships

Slide26

Opportunities

Do you recognise the opportunities we have identified here?

What support would you need to realise those opportunities?

From whom?

When?

Threats

Do you recognise the threats we have identified here?

What support would you need to minimise those threats?From whom?When?26A chance to consider what all this means for you…

Slide27

David Vivian, Director,

IFF

Research

david.vivian@iffresearch.com

Rowan Foster,

Director,

IFF Research

rowan.foster@iffresearch.comwww.IFFResearch.com @IFFResearchIFF Research


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