Phonics EYFS and Year One  Phonics EYFS and Year One

Phonics EYFS and Year One - PowerPoint Presentation

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Phonics EYFS and Year One - PPT Presentation

Thursday 10 th November 2016 Aims What is Phonics and why do we teach it The progression of phonics through Letter and Sounds H ow our Phonics lessons are structured The Phonics ID: 776458

children phonics words read children phonics words read sounds phase taught check blending letters sound reading spelling aspect digraphs




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EYFS and Year One

Thursday 10


November 2016



What is Phonics and why do we teach it



of phonics through

Letter and




our Phonics lessons are


The Phonics




Everything starts with Reading!


Being able to read is the most important skill

children will learn during their early schooling

and has far- reaching implications for lifelong

confidence and well - being.

(‘Letters and Sounds’ Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics)


Why phonics?

Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way - starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read and spell.

Almost all children who receive teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.

Children who have been taught phonics also tend to read more accurately than those taught using other methods, such as ‘look and say’. This includes children who find learning to read difficult, for example those who have dyslexia.


What is phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read and spell. We teach the children how to:

recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;

identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as ‘


or ‘




blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

We also teach the children how to:

segment (split) words for spelling.


How do we Teach phonics?

Phonics is taught using the Letters and Sounds programme,

working through the 6 progressive Phases.

Children are taught:

The full range of common letter/ sound correspondences.

To hear separate sounds within words.

To blend sounds together.

To segment words to spell them.


What Are speech sounds?

Although there are 26 letters in the English alphabet,

there are more than 40 speech sounds.

Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound in a word.

Grapheme – What we write to represent a sound/

phoneme – for some phonemes, this could be more

than one letter.



Oral Blending:

Hearing a series of spoken sounds and merging

(blending) them together to make a spoken word – no text

is used.

For example, when children hear /b/u/s, they will say bus.

This skill is taught before blending using printed words.


Recognising the letter sounds in a written word, for

example c- u- p, and blending them in the order which

they are written, to read the word ‘cup’


Sound Buttons

s i t l e g m o p c a n f i t



Two letters which make one sound.A consonant digraph contains two consonants next to each other, but they make a single sound. e.g. sh, ck, th, llExamples of consonant digraphsll sh ngw i l l sh i p s i ng



A vowel digraph contains at least one vowel but thetwo letters still make a single sound. e.g. ai ee ar oyExamples of consonant digraphs oo ai oi b oo k r ai n c oi n



Three letters, which make one sound.Examples of consonant digraphs igh ear air n igh t f ear ch air


Phase One

Phase one comprises of seven aspects.

Aspect One: Environmental Sounds

Aspect Two: Instrumental Sounds

Aspect Three: Body Percussion

Aspect Four: Rhythm and Rhyme

Aspect Five: Alliteration

Aspect Six: Voice Sounds

Aspect Seven: Oral Blending and segmenting

The aim of this phase is to foster children’s speaking

and listening skills as preparation for learning to read

with phonics.


Phase Two

By the end of phase two children should be able to read some





Children will also learn to read the ‘tricky’ words ‘the, to, go, I and no.’

Five sets of letters are introduced – one set per week.

Children are taught reading and spelling throughout the week.

Each session follows the same format.

The activities used to teach vary and can be adapted. They

are multisensory and appeal to different learning styles.


Phase Three

Children are taught another 25 graphemes.

Children will then use this knowledge to blend and

segment two syllable words.

Children continue to blend and segment CVC words for

reading and spelling.


Phase Four

By Phase 4 children are able to represent each of 42 phonemes by a grapheme.

Children will be able to blend and segment CVC words for reading and spelling.

Phase 4 is consolidation of children’s knowledge.

Children are encouraged to practice blending for reading and segmenting for spelling of adjacent consonants.


Phase Five

Throughout this Phase children will broaden theirknowledge of graphemes and phonemes.They will learn alternative pronunciations of graphemesIncluding split digraphs.


Phase Six

Children working at phase six can read lots of words


Children can decode words quickly and silently.

Children’s spelling will be phonemically accurate.

During this phase children become more fluent

readers and increasingly accurate spellers.


Teaching Sequence

Each session follows the same format:

Revisit / review

Practising previously taught phonemes, digraphs or


every day.

Practising a small number everyday helps the children remember.

Children need plenty of opportunities for “over-learning”.


The new Phoneme is introduced in memorable ways.

Stories, songs, actions, props e.g. jelly, puppets, and film clips etc.

are used.


Teaching Sequence


Reinforce the learning so that it remains in the children’s minds.

Practise reading and/or spelling words with the new phoneme or

Practise previously taught phonemes / digraphs /



reinforce learning from earlier sessions


Demonstrate how to apply the new learning by reading or writing a

phrase or that incorporates one of the new phoneme / digraph or


. This helps ensure children understand that phonics is

related to reading and writing and is not just isolated knowledge.

Each session is taught at a good pace, about 20 – 25 minutes long.


The Phonics Check

In June all Year One children will be expected to undertake a phonics check.

The aim is to check that a child is making progress in phonics.

If a child has not reached the expected standard we will ensure that additional support is given to help them progress in year 2.


The Phonics Check

Your child will sit with a teacher he or she knows and be asked to read 40 words aloud.

Your child may have read some of the words before, while others will be completely new.

The check normally takes just a few minutes to complete and there is no time limit. If your child is struggling, the teacher will stop the check.


The Phonics Check

The check will contain a mix of real words and ‘non-

words’ (or ‘nonsense words’). Your child will be told

before the check that there will be non-words that he or

she will not have seen before. Your child will be familiar

with this because we use ‘non-words’ when we teach


Non-words are important to include because words such

as ‘


’ or ‘


’ are new to all children. Children cannot

read the non-words by using their memory or vocabulary;

they have to use their decoding skills.