Geography and Early India - PowerPoint Presentation

Geography and Early India
Geography and Early India

Geography and Early India - Description

The Big Idea Indian civilization first developed on the Indus River Main Ideas The geography of India includes high mountains great rivers and heavy seasonal rain Harappan civilization developed along the Indus River ID: 510753 Download Presentation


river civilization india indus civilization river indus india mountains harappan invasion geography aryan cities kush thrived hindu west mohenjo daro valley enemies

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Geography and Early India

The Big Idea

Indian civilization first developed on the Indus River.

Main IdeasThe geography of India includes high mountains, great rivers, and heavy seasonal rain.Harappan civilization developed along the Indus River.The Aryan invasion of India changed the region’s civilization.Slide2


North: The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world.

West: The Hindu Kush provide protection from enemies.

Plains and Plateaus Rivers and melting snow kept the plains fertile. Both sides of the river thrived.

Indian Geography



Heavy rainfall

Civilizations arose around seasonal rainfall.Slide3


Population grew in the Indus River Valley.

Growth came as irrigation and farming techniques improved.

Cities were built as surplus food was produced.Cities Harrapa Mohenjo Daro Fortresses for defense against enemies Well-planned public areas

Harappan Civilization


Wells and indoor plumbing

Pottery, cotton clothing, jewelry

India’s first writing systemSlide4



LanguageInvaders from the WestWhen the Harappan civilization dissipated in 1700 BC, Central Asians called Aryans began taking over territory.

The Aryans left behind vast collections of poems, hymns, myths, and rituals. They also had religious writings known as Vedas.

No central government: small communities ruled by rajas

Sanskrit is the root of many modern South Asian languages.

Aryan InvasionSlide5

Harappan Civilization

Aryan Invasion

Two major cities: Harappa, Mohenjo Daro

Advanced civilization that thrived between 2300 and 1700 BC Culture, artistry, city planning South Asian warriors pushed through the Hindu Kush mountains and settled in the Indus Valley Oral tradition in religion and mythology resulted in the most important language of ancient India: Sanskrit.


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