Workplace Violene

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Threat/Interaction/Response. Leadership Review. UCLA Health System Security. What is Workplace Violence?. . An action that may threaten the safety of an employee, impact the employee. ’. s physical and/or psychological well-being or cause damage to company property. ID: 592744 Download Presentation

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Workplace Violene

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Workplace VioleneThreat/Interaction/ResponseLeadership Review

UCLA Health System Security


What is Workplace Violence?

An action that may threaten the safety of an employee, impact the employee

s physical and/or psychological well-being or cause damage to company property


Defining Workplace Violence

A spectrum of behaviors, including overt acts of violence, threats, and other conduct that generates a reasonable concern for safety from violence, where a nexus exists between behavior and the physical safety of employees and others (such as customers, clients and business associates), on site or off site when related to the organization.




, Workplace violence Intervention and Prevention Standard, 2011


Types of Workplace Violence

Homicide Attempted HomicidePhysical Assault Sexual Assault Threat Vandalism


Product Contamination



Domestic violence



Workplace Violence Stats

2 million The number of victims in the US each year87 The number of injured victims each day in the US2 The number of victims killed each day in the US70% The number of reported workplaces with no formal program or policy to address workplace violence



Workplace Violence Intervention and Prevention Standard, 2011


Myths About Workplace Violence



Reasons for Workplace Violence

Work-related ConflictPersonal ConflictDomestic ViolenceRobberyRevengeDisplaced AngerA Stalker’s ObsessionTerrorism Customer/Client Supplier/Patient Disgruntled


The Evolution of Workplace Violence




Unusual Behavior

Acting Out


Physical Assault





Workplace Violence Intervention and Prevention Standard, 2011

Deadly Encounter



From 11 years of data researchers found that 23% of shootings in the ED occurred from the perpetrator’s taking of a gun from Security Personnel or Police. 73% of these shootings occurred in non-rural areas.The ED and the area around it was the most frequent location of hospital shootings

*IOFM, Security Director’s Report- December 2012

Shootings in Hospitals


Shootings in Hospitals

Most frequent victims are:Perpetrators (45%)Hospital Staff (20%)Patients (13%)Visitors (8%)Security Officers/Police (5%)


The most common motives are:A grudge (27%)Suicide (21%)Ending the life of an ill relative (14%)Escape attempts by patients in police custody (11%)

Shootings in Hospitals


*IOFM, Security Director’s Report- December 2012


Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Risk factors associated with workplace related intimate partner homicides include occupation, time of day and location.

Women in healthcare, production, and office/administration suffered the highest proportion of homicide related to IPV.

Over half of homicides by IPV occurred in parking lots and publicly accessible buildings.

End or beginning of shifts are the most dangerous times.


Leading Cause of Workplace Homicide for U.S. woman


, Security Director’s Report – November 2012

Homicides perpetrated by a personal relation (33%) is the 2


leading cause of workplace Homicide for woman. Of which the vast majority were intimate partners (nearly 80%).

More woman died on the job as a result of domestic violence than at the hands of a client- such as student, patient, or prisoner, or current or former coworker.


Employer's Role in IPV

The White House noted that “domestic violence affects both the safety of the workplace and the productivity of employees”.According to a study, the employee assistance program (EAP) frequently fails to identify individuals who abuse or have the potential to abuse their intimate partner.Employers lose when they hire abusers. Perpetrators’ work performance and productivity are affected because of missing work, showing up late or leaving early, difficulty concentrating, and errors on the job. 31 % of abusers took time off work to be abusive to an intimate partner or deal with the aftermath of an abusive incident51 % Thought their job performance was negatively affected during the time of their abuse.


, Security Director

s Report – November 2012


IPV Most Recent Events

The following examples occurred during a month’s time span in late 2012:

On September 4, in Jackson, Tenn., police arrested a man they said shot this fiancée while at work at Best Buy

On September 10, a woman arriving at work at a Pier One Imports store in Raleigh, N.C., was shot and killed inside her car by her ex-husband.

On September 11, a manager of a Sioux Falls, S.D., salon was killed in a confrontation with the ex-boyfriend of an employee.

On September 24, at a Statesville, N.C., manufacturing plant, a man shot his wife while she was taking a work break in the parking lot.

On September 28, a woman stabbed her husband in the back with a knife at the Pennsburg, Pa., meatpacking plant where he worked.


Violence Is More Likely To Happen In Workplaces That…

Have no company policyManagers that ignore threats and signs of violenceFail to screen new employeesFail to provide trainingTerminate employees without due processIgnore complaints about an employee’s behaviorCreate a toxic work environmentSubject employees to frequent change and uncertainty about futureHave inadequate security measures and procedures


Components Of A Workplace Violence Prevention Program

Pre-employment screening

Our HR Process to include interviews, reference and background checks

Zero-tolerance policy

HS Policy 7313

Appropriate disciplinary procedures

Utilization of HR training for managers and supervisors and seeking assistance from HR on consistency of practice

Grievance procedures

In place

Violence prevention training

System wide


HS Policy 7313 – Disruptive Behavior

“The purpose of this policy is to set forth UCLA Hospital System’s need to create and maintain an environment free from intimidating, disruptive, threatening, bullying and violent behavior.”


Focus on employee behaviors but can be expanded to behavioral impact of patients and visitorsDefines examples of inappropriate behaviorOutlines specific reporting procedureOutlines supervisory responsibilitiesDiscusses available resources

HS Policy 7313


Setting Limits

Managers have to set Limits with all employees they supervise.Managers and their supervisors who report to them must be on the same page.The limits and message must be consistent from shift to shift, supervisor to supervisor.Discipline has to be even handed and consistent.Discipline is to be corrective and not punitive.


Team Approach

Involve key departments when dealing with a difficult or potentially violent employee. Human ResourcesSecurityUCLA PoliceStaff & Faculty CounselingRisk Management


What Can You Do If You Determine That An Employee Is Potentially Dangerous?

Provide training/coaching

Provide counseling

Transfer employee

Restructure position

Take disciplinary action

Suspend employee with/without pay

Terminate employee


Employer’s Role

Work to create an environment of unity

Employees need to feel safe and secure


Leadership’s Role in Workplace Violence Prevention

The importance of defining employee roles as they relate to workplace violence prevention.Building and communicating a violence-free culture to your employees.Engaging employees to develop a sense of teamwork and unity, decreasing the likelihood of workplace violence incidents.

*ASIS/SHRM Workplace Violence Intervention and Prevention Standard, 2011


Impacts on Employees and Your Business

Increased:AbsenteeismTurnoverStressCosts for employee assistance programs, recruitment, etc.Risk for accidents/ incidents


Productivity and motivation


Corporate image and customer confidence

Customer service


What Workplace Violence Costs

*ASIS/SHRM Workplace Violence Intervention and Prevention Standard, 2011


% of workplace violence costs attributed to lost productivity.1.7 Billion Dollars Amount employers lose annually due to stress. 60 Thousand Dollars Estimated cost to hire and training a new person.24 Million Dollars The dollar loss associated with a workplace bully


Leadership Stats


Reporting A Problem

Staff/Supervisors must recognize when a staff members behavior is becoming abusive and report it.

Supervisors should notify Manager or Director of staff members who are becoming aggressive/abusive toward co-workers.

Security and HR should be notified that there is a problem.

When a situation is out of control security should be called immediately.


4 Things To Keep In Mind When Responding To Hostile & Aggressive Situations


t ignore your




t tolerate or excuse inappropriate behavior even it is infrequent


t dismiss your own safety


t ignore warning signals that a person is about to explode (e.g., clenched fist, increasing facial & body tension, elevated screaming, statements like,


m warning you!




Type of SituationAbusive or combative personHow to Report#36 at SM#36 at WWReport: location, your name and contact information, description What to do if you are involved in the situationAttempt to de-escalate the situation to the best of your ability, engage fellow staff to assist in communication with individuals, remove patients and visitors from the area as availableWhat to do if you are not involved in the situationCommunicate with patients, visitors, and staff, Isolate patients and visitors from the situation. Provide staff to respond to the location with assistance in providing a show of “numbers” to attempt to de-escalate situation.What response to expectCODE GRAY overhead page, Medical Center Security will immediately respond to the affected area and provide a show of force and physical assistance if needed. UCLA Police will standby if needed.

HS Policy 8110 – Abusive or Combative Person “Code Gray”



Type of SituationPerson with a Weapon or Hostage SituationHow to Report#36 and 911 at SM911 and #36 at WWReport: location, description of individual, type of weapon, number of people in areaWhat to do if you are involved in the situationSee strategies for survival belowWhat to do if you are not involved in the situationCommunicate with patients, visitors, and staff. Evacuate all ambulatory individuals, shelter in place with all non- ambulatory individuals. Wait for all clear.What response to expectCODE SILVER overhead page, UCLA Police and that of external law enforcement agencies, Medical Center Security will create a perimeter to limit access to affected area

HS Policy 8109 – Person with a Weapon or Hostage Situation “Code Silver”


Reporting a Problem

Call UCLA Police at #36 (or for suspicious activity or non-weapon events) at WW and SM

Provide the location of the incident (as specific as possible, room number, building, etc)

Provide a brief description of what is happening

Provide your name and contact phone number

Provide information on the suspect

s physical description

Provide a description of the weapon (handgun, rifle, knife, etc.)

Report any injuries


□Sex□Hat □Height□Glasses □Weight□Hair□Age□Facial Hair □Race□Coat□Shirt□Pants□Shoes

A Suspect’s Physical Description


Get Out! – ESCAPE

Take cover – get behind something that will stop a bullet (Look for chances to ESCAPE)

Hide and don’t bunch up– (Look for chances to ESCAPE)

Play Dead – (Look for chances to ESCAPE)Attack the Attacker (LAST RESORT) – Element of Surprise, Watch and listen for the subject to stop shooting and reload(adapted from UC Davis Police Department Training information)

Strategies for Survival in an Active Shooter Event


Additional Resources

UCPD Dispatch: (310) 825-1491

Staff and Faculty Counseling Center

(310) 794-0245

UCPD website:

Security Escorts at SMH : (424) 259-9100

Security Escorts at WWH: (310) 267-7100



Presented by: Vernon Goodwin

Security Director for UCLA Health System

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