Green economy learning strategy of Mongolia

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T. Bulgan, Director . Department of Green Development Policy and Strategic Planning. Ministry of Environment, Green Development and Tourism, Mongolia . First Global Forum on Green Economy Learning . ID: 655933 Download Presentation

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Green economy learning strategy of Mongolia




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Presentations text content in Green economy learning strategy of Mongolia

Slide1

Green economy learning

strategy of Mongolia

T. Bulgan, Director

Department of Green Development Policy and Strategic Planning

Ministry of Environment, Green Development and Tourism, Mongolia

First Global Forum on Green Economy Learning

Engaging Learning Institutions and Professionals in Shaping an Inclusive Green Economy

 16-18 December 2015 , Paris, France

Slide2

CONTENTS

Slide3

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

Political situation

Successful implementation of policies and programmes

involvement of the policy makers

political willingness

The Future We Want

“...

engage high-level political leaders

and

...

ensure long-term political commitment to sustainable development

There is substantial political will of parties in the Parliament of Mongolia

.

Slide4

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

Economic situation

GDP growth: 7.8% in 2014

GDP composition

:

Mining and agriculture sectors

Foreign trade

:

Import

petroleum, machinery and equipment;

export

mining and agriculture products

.

http://www.nso.mn/stat_main

Slide5

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

http://www.nso.mn/stat_main

5

In 2013 Mining made:

From Brown to Green Economy

Is Mining Challenge or Opportunity?

Green GDP? Green Jobs?

Slide6

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

Social and demographic situation

Population: 3 million (January 2015)

64.3% under 35 years old and 38% -under 16 years old (open mind)

Slide7

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

Social and demographic

situation

Urban population

66.4

%, in Ulaanbaatar city

45.5%

Education

: 728.9

thousand people attending all levels’ of educational organizations making

24.8%

of total population

.

Employment

: 1,110.7

thousand people working

Green jobs

.

Slide8

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

Science and Technology

Science sector

: 74

organizations

, 4374

staff

, 44

billion MNT spending

.

Competiveness index

ranked

98,

technological readiness

81

,

innovation

112

(out of 144 countries)

,

knowledge economy index ranked

89

(out of

146

countries)

.

Science and technological project in environmental sector

: 25

projects have been implemented and being implemented

.

Access to ICT: Increasing use of internet, mobile phone and digital sources

.

Demand for green technology

:

technologies of renewable energy, environment protection and eco-friendly agriculture.

Slide9

SITUATIONAL ANALYSYS

Legal and Policy environment

Laws, regulations and policies of environment and education sector

Law on environmental protection

Environment sector

policies and programmes

Environment protection fund

Government policy on ecology

,

National policy on public ecological education

(1998-2005)

7 sector-related policies and programmes

National development policy

(2008-2021)

Government action plan for

2012-2016.

Green development policy

(2014-2030)

Slide10

GREEN DEVELOPMENT POLICY

Goal

The goal of the Green Development Policy is to advance Mongolia’s national development in an environmentally sustainable manner, building the conditions for future generations to benefit and gain in the long term and to ensure environmental sustainability through creation of growth based on green development concepts and through citizens’ participation and inclusiveness.

Slide11

GREEN DEVELOPMENT POLICY

Strategic objectives

1. Promote resource efficient, low carbon production and consumption with emphasis on waste reduction

2. Maintain ecosystem balance and reduce environmental degradation while intensifying reclamation activities and environmental protection

3. Promote investment in environmental protection, human development and clean technology and leverage tax, credit and incentive mechanisms to finance green economy

4. Promote green jobs, reduce poverty and promote green lifestyle

5. Make education, science and technology and innovation accelerators of green development by promoting environmentally adapted style and cultural values

6. Plan and implement human settlement adapted to climate change, and natural resources carrying capacity

Slide12

SUPPORT FOR GD POLICY

International support

Environmental issues have been an important part of support by international development organizations

.

UN Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE)

“Education for Sustainable Development” project implemented by Government of Mongolia and GIZ and funded by SDC

Slide13

Green Economy Modeling and Policy Assessment

Green Economy Indicators

Green Economy Learning

Waste Management

Green School Building

Sustainable Public Procurement

PAGE IN MONGOLIA

Mobilizing Finance for SD (UNEP Finance Initiative)

Slide14

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY

Steps

Carry out situational analysis

Identify learning needs

Review institutional capacities to provide green economy training

Draft strategies and actions

Organise consultative meetings

Approve Green economy learning strategy

Methods

Desk review

Focus group discussions

In-depth interviews (IDIs) with experts

.

Slide15

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY-NEEDS

Target groups

Priority issues

Ways

to reach

Public

Lack of understanding and knowledge

Citizens’ engagement

and participation is weak

Aware issues and challenges as promulgation.

-

Formal education organizations in all levels;

Media organizations

,

Civil

society organizations

.

-

Informal or lifelong education organizations

-

Training and research

organizations

.

Private sector

No recognition

of corporate governance and social responsibilities

Lack of information

and training on clean technology, production and environment management system

Not much motivation

-

Training and research

organizations

-

Chamber of commerce and industry,

professional associations

-

Media organizations

.

Policy makers

Harmony

and consistency of policies is weak

Lack

of knowledge, awareness and skills

-

Training and research

organizations

-

Training manuals, trainers’ training activities (local contents,

international experience, real cases)

Slide16

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY

Review of institutional capacities for providing green

economy training

Government

F

ormal educational

organisations

;

N

GOs running

training and education programmes on environment;

Organ

i

ziations

running informal educational or lifelong learning activities;

Professional a

ssociations;

M

edia.

Slide17

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY-SWOT

Strength

Weakness

Political

will

Sectoral ministry is key ministry in the government

National Green

Development Policy

Private sector initiatives

(MBA)

Young nation and trend of young generation

Sustainability

conc

epts

to be integrated into

secondary education training

Lifelong education system and its infrastructure built and the aspect already adopted to its training contents

.

Traditional culture

.

Insufficient

information

and advocacy

Knowledge and awareness

are

weak at all levels

.

Government budget

allocations are inconsistent

Weak capacities of training

organisations

Lack of manuals, textbooks

and other training materials with local contents

Availability and capacity of teaching staff limits program development

Insufficient

activities

to integrate sustainability and green economy concepts into university curricula

Media

lacks knowledge. Not much interest due to low financial gains.

Slide18

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY-SWOT

O

pportunities

Threats

SDGs adopted by UN and country

commitment

GE learning is integrated into GD Policy of Mongolia

International

donor support and engagement

Increasing

public attention to environmental issues

.

Increased application of information technology and possibility to receive

and provide information through Internet, social networks, TV channels, and other ICT technologies.

Economy is based on brown economy

.

Top priorities

are focused on mining and infrastructure

.

Economic downturn and risk of financing

Political instability and leadership change at Government

Human

resource instability in governmental organizations

.

Lack of information and research about green

technology and technological innovations

.

Weak innovation and technological infrastructure and low

investment.

Slide19

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY

Goal (proposed)

The goal of the green economy learning strategy is to increase Government’s efforts for green economy education, awareness and outreach in order to ensure sustainable quality of life for all. To this end it is linked to GD policy goals to promote green lifestyle and ecologically friendly culture of all citizens and households and support for green entrepreneurship, production and innovation.

Slide20

GREEN ECONOMY LEARNING STRATEGY

Objectives (proposed)

Support for building and strengthening national pool of experts for providing green

economy

education, research and community outreach;

Raise awareness and knowledge of decision makers of all levels for better and productive dialogue and commitment in green development related issues;

Create and run a comprehensive education and outreach program for the community in order to create a society with green lifestyle and culture;

Provide educational and awareness activities to engage pr

ivate sector in r

esource-

efficient

and clean production

and

introduce ISO 14000 environmental management system and CSR;

Facilitate

skill

building for

human resources

in key

economic sectors

where more green jobs will be created.

Slide21

PRIORITY ACTIONS

Universities

Capacity development for university department of economics and business schools on IGE to produce a pool of experts on Inclusive Green Economy, integrate IGE concepts into existing curricula or develop new green management curriculum/module)

Support for establishment of Center of Excellence at a key university to institutionalise further IGE curriculum strengthening, research, training and outreach;

Integration of green economy in curricula of journalist schools/departments

Encourage universities to introduce sustainability principles into operations and management and youth engagement

Slide22

PRIORITY ACTIONS

Decision makers

Communication and advocacy at high level of decision makers

Training for staff of ministries and agencies

Skill building of officers of MEGDT and environmental departments for bringing knowledge to the public

Media, NGOs, training institutions and professional

associations

Capacity building activities targeting key media agencies

Capacity building activities targeting life long educational organisations and environmental NGOs

IGE education and outreach programs and products jointly with media and professional associations (e.g., Bank Academy-sustainable finance)

Slide23

PRIORITY ACTIONS

Public

Training and outreach activities on sustainable production, consumption and green lifestyle for the public

Engage NGOs, Volunteers’ associations and other community groups to raise awareness in the community

Private sector

Training needs assessment for key economic sectors

Sector specific as well as thematic trainings /e.g., t

raining of entrepreneurs for green entrepreneurship in construction sector)

Training on ISO 14000 environmental management system

Slide24

LESSONS LEARNED

Build on commitment and willingness of political and high level decision makers

GD Policy forms the basis of the strategy and should be integrated into GDP implementation plan

Field of green economy or sustainable education is broad, can not be limited to only MEGDT. For this account a number of role players are identified necessitating their capacity building, commitment and engagement

Active participation, shared responsibility and ownership of built capacities are necessary.

It is not just “formal” education, it has life long relevance to people. In this sense it is related to social and cultural values

Global partnership and knowledge transfer is key to learningResource mobilisation from all possible sources

Slide25

Thank you

for your attention

Slide26


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