The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay

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The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay




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Presentations text content in The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay

Slide1

The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay

Slide2

The student must show what has changed and what has remained continuous from the beginning to the end of the time period given. The important element is WHY things did or did not change.Time allotted for this essay is 40 minutes (5-10 of which should be spent planning/outlining).If possible, ALWAYS pick the nonwestern regions.

About the

CCOT

Slide3

CCOT Prompts

Find

the Phrase

Slide4

Analyze the social and economic transformations that occurred in the Atlantic world as a result of new contacts among Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas from 1492 to 1750.

2005 CCOT

Analyze the social and economic transformations that occurred in the Atlantic world as a result of new contacts among Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas from 1492 to 1750.

2008 CCOT

Analyze the changes and continuities in commerce in the Indian Ocean region from 650 CE – 1750 CE.

Analyze the changes and continuities in

commerce in the Indian Ocean region

from 650 CE – 1750 CE.

Slide5

Analyze the continuities and changes in patterns of interactions along the Silk Roads from 200 BCE to 1450 CE.

2009 CCOT

2010 CCOT

Describe and explain continuities and changes in religious beliefs and practices in ONE of the following regions from 1450 to the present.Sub-Saharan AfricaLatin America/Caribbean

Analyze the continuities and changes in patterns of interactions along the Silk Roads from 200 BCE to 1450 CE.

Describe and explain continuities and changes in

religious beliefs and practices

in ONE of the following regions from 1450 to the present.

Sub-Saharan Africa

Latin America/Caribbean

Slide6

2006 CCOT

Analyze

the

social

,

cultural

and

political

changes and continuities in ONE of the following civilizations.

China (100

CE – 600

CE)

India (300

CE – 600

CE)

Slide7

2006 CCOTBrainstorm: India, 300 CE - 600 CE

ChangesGupta Empire (320-550 CE) using regional divisions, stable and prosperous initiallyCollapse: invasions of White Huns, 5th-6th c.; regional kingdoms split from empireGolden Age: Gupta emperors supported Hinduism, math and scienceGradual decline of Buddhism in India, spread beyond India into Southeast AsiaBecause of Buddhism and trade, India’s influence extends to SE Asia

Continuities

Continued

patriarchy

Continued strength of Hinduism

Continued

caste system

Slide8

2006 CCOTBrainstorm: China, 100 CE - 600 CE

ChangesHan Empire, 206 BCE-220 CE- centralization, bureaucracyFell due to internal problems (disagreements at court, corruption)Fell due to external problems (conflicts with Hun invasions)220-589: 3 Kingdoms Period, regional kingdoms, warlords, disorder589-618-Sui dynasty Buddhism slowly becomes more popular, coming in on Silk RoadExamination system is halted after collapse of Han

Continuities

Daoism continued

Confucianism continued

Continued patriarchy, filial piety, veneration of ancestors

Continued

expansion of Great wall

Slide9

Tips for a CCOT

The

continuities must be substantial, not obvious (Germans remained Germans), nor can change be continuous

.

A continuity must occur EVERY YEAR during the time period given.

Provide solid chronological knowledge across the entire time period

Include

dates to demonstrate the ability to describe with some precision when continuity and change

happen

Use the phrase throughout your paper!

Slide10

Acceptable thesis statements need to address both change and continuity, with at least one of each.Need to be explicit, not restatements of the prompt or vague statements, such as “there were more changes than continuities.”Thesis MustsOne sentenceAddress PromptPlace/Time3 Categories/Groups (1 Continuity and 2 Changes / 2 Continuities and 1 Change)Do not use phrase in thesis

Thesis

Slide11

“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed changes in (A), yet showed consistency in (B) and (C).”“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed consistency in (A), but showed changes in (B) and (C).”“Even though (A) showed changes in (this place) at (this time), (B) and (C) continued to happen.”“Even though (A) remained the same in (this place) at (this time), (B) and (C) changed.”

How to Construct the Thesis

Slide12

Sample Thesis

2012: Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africa and Eurasia from circa 300 CE to 1450 CE.“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed consistency in (A), but showed changes in (B) and (C).”

From

300 CE

to

1450

CE,

,

trade

relations between Africa and Eurasia

showed consistency in

the

basic types of exports and

imports

,

but also showed changes in

the

arrival of

Islamic traders and Islam

,

,

and the

rise of new and powerful empires in Eurasia

.

Slide13

Introduction – Thesis SentenceParagraph 1 – Group 1Topic Sentence with phraseWorld Historical Context (Background)EvidenceAnalysisParagraph 2 – Group 2Topic Sentence with phraseWorld Historical Context (Background)EvidenceAnalysisParagraph 3 – Group 3Topic Sentence with phraseWorld Historical Context (Background)EvidenceAnalysis

The Order

Slide14

What Order?Continuity Change ContinuityChange Continuity ChangeContinuity Continuity ChangeContinuity ChangeContinuity ChangeChange Continuity

If time is not to your advantage, always organize your essay according to the top row.

Slide15

AP Rubric

&

Class Expectations

Slide16

World Historical Context

Provide

the surrounding historical

events

so that the reader understands what is occurring

at the time of the changes/continuities.

OR

Describes

extra-regional connections

to

explain a continuity OR change in response to the

prompt.

Slide17

World

Historical Context

Good example

:

“From 200

BCE to

400

CE,

the stability in major

empires such as the Romans in Europe,

Guptas

in India,

Hans

in China,

allowed

the Silk Roads to prosper, until disease and nomadic invasions disrupted this peace and the Silk Roads fell into

disuse.”

Poor example:

“Over

a period of time, Silk Roads were responsible for bringing different cultures into

contact”

NOT acceptable

because

it lacks specificity.

Slide18

Analyzing

Change or Continuity

Must analyze

the reasons

for a continuity or change

Why

does this particular thing change? What causes that change, and why does that change occur right then and not at some other time?

Why

does this particular thing stay the same?

Did something prevent

change, or is consistency with this thing desired?

Slide19

Analyzing Change or Continuity

If your Change is “Buddhism declined in India,” how would you explain WHY?

Example: “Buddhism’s popularity declined in India during the Classical period as a result of many factors. First, the

Guptas

promoted Hinduism in a period directly after Buddhist

Kushan

rule where Buddhism had come to be associated with foreignness. Secondly, Buddhism rejects the idea of the caste system, a social structure which was deeply engrained into Indian society as a result of Aryan and Hindu influence.”

Slide20

2006 CCOT

Analyze the

social

,

cultural

and

political

changes and continuities in ONE of the following civilizations.

Chinese, 100 CE – 600 CE

Indian, 300 CE – 600

CE

Do not do extra research (Wikipedia,

etc

)

.

Utilize your

Wood book

, notes, and

prepbook

.

Slide21

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