Primary purpose of CCOT is to test students’ mastery of their historical thinking skills (. argumentation, causation, contextualization, synthesis. ).. The student . must show what has changed and what has remained continuous . ID: 468726
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The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) EssaySlide2
Primary purpose of CCOT is to test students’ mastery of their historical thinking skills (argumentation, causation, contextualization, synthesis).The student must show what has changed and what has remained continuous from the beginning to the end of the time period given. The continuities must be substantial, not obvious (Germans remained Germans), nor can change be continuous.The important element is WHY things did or did not change.Time allotted for this essay is 40 minutes (5-10 of which should be spent planning/outlining).If possible, pick the nonwestern regions.
Find the PhraseSlide4
Choose TWO of the areas listed below and analyze how each area’s relationship to global trade patterns changed from 1750 to the present. Be sure to describe each area’s involvement in global patterns around 1750 as your starting point.Latin AmericaEast AsiaEastern EuropeNorth AmericaSouth/South East AsiaSub-Saharan AfricaMiddle East
Describe and analyze the cultural, economic, and political impact of Islam on ONE of the following regions between 1000 CE and 1750 CE. Be sure to discuss continuities as well as changes.West AfricaSouth AsiaEurope
Analyze the changes and continuities in labor systems between 1750 and 1914 in ONE of the following areas. In your analysis, be sure to discuss the causes of the changes and the reasons for the continuities.Latin America and the CaribbeanRussiaSub-Saharan Africa
Analyze the social and economic transformations that occurred in the Atlantic world as a result of new contacts among Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas from 1492 to 1750.
Analyze the cultural and political changes and continuities in ONE of the following civilizations during the last centuries of the classical era.Chinese (100-600 CE)Roman (100-600 CE)Indian (300-600 CE)
Analyze major changes and continuities in the formation of national identities in ONE of the regions listed below from 1914 to the present. Be sure to include evidence from specific countries in the region selected.Middle EastSoutheast AsiaSub-Saharan Africa
Analyze the changes and continuities in commerce in the Indian Ocean region from 650 CE – 1750 CE.
Analyze the continuities and changes in patterns of interactions along the Silk Roads from 200 BCE to 1450 CE.
Describe and explain continuities and changes in religious beliefs and practices in ONE of the following regions from 1450 to the present.Sub-Saharan AfricaLatin America/Caribbean
Analyze changes and continuities in long-distance migrations in the period from 1700 to 1900. Be sure to include specific examples from at least TWO different world regions.
Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africa and Eurasia from circa 300 CE to 1450 CE.
Analyze how political transformations contributed to continuities and changes in the cultures of the Mediterranean region during the period circa 200 CE to 1000 CE.
Acceptable thesis statements need to address both change and continuity, stating as least one of each.Thesis statements need to be explicit, not restatements of the question or vague statements, such as “there were more changes than continuities.”Thesis MustsAddress PromptPlace/Time3 Categories/Groups1:2 Ratio (1 Continuity and 2 Changes / 2 Continuities and 1 Change)
“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed changes in (A), yet showed consistency in (B) and (C).”“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed consistency in (A), but showed changes in (B) and (C).”“Even though (A) showed changes in (this place) at (this time), (B) and (C) continued to happen.”“Even though (A) remained the same in (this place) at (this time), (B) and (C) changed.”
How to Construct the ThesisSlide19
2012: Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africa and Eurasia from circa 300 CE to 1450 CE.“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed consistency in (A), but showed changes in (B) and (C).”
trade relations between Africa and Eurasia
showed consistency in
basic types of exports and imports
as well as the
importance of coastal cities
but also showed changes in
arrival of Islam
extent and degree of trade
, and the
rise of new and powerful empires in Eurasia
Introduction – Thesis SentenceParagraph 1 – Group 1 (how it changed/continued from beginning to end)Paragraph 2 – Group 2 (how it changed/continued from beginning to end)Paragraph 3 – Group 3 (how it changed/continued from beginning to end)Conclusion if time
What Order?Continuity Change ContinuityChange Continuity ChangeContinuity Continuity ChangeContinuity ChangeContinuity ChangeChange Continuity
In case time is not to your advantage, always organize your essay according to the top row.Slide22
What Good Responses Should Include
Moves beyond a mechanistic “beginning, middle, end” format
Provides solid chronological knowledge across the entire time period
Include dates to demonstrate the ability to describe with some precision when continuity and change happenSlide23
World Historical ContextSlide24
World Historical Context
Must provide the surrounding historical events and climate so that the reader understands what is occurring while these changes and continuities are
Essay relates or describes extra-regional connections or global process to explain a continuity OR change in response to the promptSlide25
World Historical Context
“During the time from 200 BCE to roughly 400 CE, major empires such as the Romans in Europe, Gupta in India, Han in China, and stability in Persians allowed the Silk Roads to prosper, until disease and nomadic invasions disrupted this peace and the Silk Roads fell into
“Over a period of time, Silk Roads were responsible for bringing different cultures into contact“
is NOT acceptable because of the lack of
Analyzing Process of
Change or ContinuitySlide27
Analyzing Process of Change or Continuity
Must analyze at least one reason for a continuity or change
Why does this particular thing change? What causes that change, and why does that change occur right then and not at some other time?
Why does this particular thing stay the same? Is something prevented change, or is consistency with this thing desired?Slide28
Analyzing Process of Change or Continuity
Example: “Buddhism’s popularity declined in India during the Classical period as a direct result of many factors. First, the
promoted Hinduism in a period directly after Buddhist
rule where Buddhism had come to be associated with foreignness. Secondly, Buddhism rejects the idea of the caste system, a social structure which was deeply engrained into Indian society as a result of Aryan and Hindu influence.”Slide29
Write an essay that:
Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with appropriate historical evidence.
Addresses all parts of the question.
Uses world historical context to show change over time and/or continuities.
Analyzes the process of change over time and/or continuity.Slide30
Write an essay that:
Has a relevant
and supports that thesis with appropriate historical
all parts (2)
of the question.
world historical context (1)
to show change over time and/or continuities.
the process of change over time and/or continuity.Slide31
“Analyze the cultural and political changes and continuities in ONE of the following civilizations during the last centuries of the classical era.
Chinese, 100 CE – 600 CE
Roman, 100 CE – 600 CE
Indian, 300 CE – 600 CESlide32
2006 CCOTBrainstorm: India, 300 CE - 600 CE
320-550 CE, ruling family using regional divisions, stable
Fell with invasions of
Golden Age: Gupta
emperors supported Hinduism, math and science
decline of Buddhism in India, spread beyond
India into Southeast Asia
Because of Buddhism and trade, India’s influence extends to SE Asia
Continued strength of Hinduism
Continued trade by land and sea
Continued caste systemSlide33
2006 CCOTBrainstorm: China, 100 CE – 600 CE
Empire, 206 BCE-220 CE- centralization, bureaucracy
Fell due to internal
problems (disagreements at court, corruption)
Fell due to external problems (conflicts
220-589: 3 Kingdoms Period, regional
kingdoms, warlords, disorder
more popular, coming in on Silk Road
Continued patriarchy, filial piety, veneration of ancestors
Continued expansion of Great wallSlide34
Tuesday, September 3
– 2006 CCOT due
Type the essay at home, double-space it,
and annotate the following
World History Context –