The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay

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The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay




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Presentations text content in The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay

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The Continuity and Change Over Time (CCOT) Essay

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Primary purpose of CCOT is to test students’ mastery of their historical thinking skills (argumentation, causation, contextualization, synthesis).The student must show what has changed and what has remained continuous from the beginning to the end of the time period given. The continuities must be substantial, not obvious (Germans remained Germans), nor can change be continuous.The important element is WHY things did or did not change.Time allotted for this essay is 40 minutes (5-10 of which should be spent planning/outlining).If possible, pick the nonwestern regions.

About the

CCOT

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CCOT Prompts

2002-2013

Find the Phrase

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Choose TWO of the areas listed below and analyze how each area’s relationship to global trade patterns changed from 1750 to the present. Be sure to describe each area’s involvement in global patterns around 1750 as your starting point.Latin AmericaEast AsiaEastern EuropeNorth AmericaSouth/South East AsiaSub-Saharan AfricaMiddle East

2002 CCOT

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Describe and analyze the cultural, economic, and political impact of Islam on ONE of the following regions between 1000 CE and 1750 CE. Be sure to discuss continuities as well as changes.West AfricaSouth AsiaEurope

2003 CCOT

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Analyze the changes and continuities in labor systems between 1750 and 1914 in ONE of the following areas. In your analysis, be sure to discuss the causes of the changes and the reasons for the continuities.Latin America and the CaribbeanRussiaSub-Saharan Africa

2004 CCOT

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Analyze the social and economic transformations that occurred in the Atlantic world as a result of new contacts among Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas from 1492 to 1750.

2005 CCOT

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Analyze the cultural and political changes and continuities in ONE of the following civilizations during the last centuries of the classical era.Chinese (100-600 CE)Roman (100-600 CE)Indian (300-600 CE)

2006 CCOT

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Analyze major changes and continuities in the formation of national identities in ONE of the regions listed below from 1914 to the present. Be sure to include evidence from specific countries in the region selected.Middle EastSoutheast AsiaSub-Saharan Africa

2007 CCOT

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Analyze the changes and continuities in commerce in the Indian Ocean region from 650 CE – 1750 CE.

2008 CCOT

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Analyze the continuities and changes in patterns of interactions along the Silk Roads from 200 BCE to 1450 CE.

2009 CCOT

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Describe and explain continuities and changes in religious beliefs and practices in ONE of the following regions from 1450 to the present.Sub-Saharan AfricaLatin America/Caribbean

2010 CCOT

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Analyze changes and continuities in long-distance migrations in the period from 1700 to 1900. Be sure to include specific examples from at least TWO different world regions.

2011 CCOT

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Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africa and Eurasia from circa 300 CE to 1450 CE.

2012 CCOT

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Analyze how political transformations contributed to continuities and changes in the cultures of the Mediterranean region during the period circa 200 CE to 1000 CE.

2013 CCOT

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AP Rubric

&

Class Expectations

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Acceptable thesis statements need to address both change and continuity, stating as least one of each.Thesis statements need to be explicit, not restatements of the question or vague statements, such as “there were more changes than continuities.”Thesis MustsAddress PromptPlace/Time3 Categories/Groups1:2 Ratio (1 Continuity and 2 Changes / 2 Continuities and 1 Change)

Thesis

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“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed changes in (A), yet showed consistency in (B) and (C).”“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed consistency in (A), but showed changes in (B) and (C).”“Even though (A) showed changes in (this place) at (this time), (B) and (C) continued to happen.”“Even though (A) remained the same in (this place) at (this time), (B) and (C) changed.”

How to Construct the Thesis

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Sample Thesis

2012: Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africa and Eurasia from circa 300 CE to 1450 CE.“From (this date) to (that date), (X) showed consistency in (A), but showed changes in (B) and (C).”

From

300 CE

to

1450 CE

,

trade relations between Africa and Eurasia

showed consistency in

the

basic types of exports and imports

as well as the

importance of coastal cities

,

but also showed changes in

the

arrival of Islam

, the

extent and degree of trade

, and the

rise of new and powerful empires in Eurasia

.

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Introduction – Thesis SentenceParagraph 1 – Group 1 (how it changed/continued from beginning to end)Paragraph 2 – Group 2 (how it changed/continued from beginning to end)Paragraph 3 – Group 3 (how it changed/continued from beginning to end)Conclusion if time

The Order

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What Order?Continuity Change ContinuityChange Continuity ChangeContinuity Continuity ChangeContinuity ChangeContinuity ChangeChange Continuity

In case time is not to your advantage, always organize your essay according to the top row.

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What Good Responses Should Include

Moves beyond a mechanistic “beginning, middle, end” format

Provides solid chronological knowledge across the entire time period

Include dates to demonstrate the ability to describe with some precision when continuity and change happen

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World Historical Context

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World Historical Context

Must provide the surrounding historical events and climate so that the reader understands what is occurring while these changes and continuities are

happening

Essay relates or describes extra-regional connections or global process to explain a continuity OR change in response to the prompt

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World Historical Context

Example:

“During the time from 200 BCE to roughly 400 CE, major empires such as the Romans in Europe, Gupta in India, Han in China, and stability in Persians allowed the Silk Roads to prosper, until disease and nomadic invasions disrupted this peace and the Silk Roads fell into

disease.”

“Over a period of time, Silk Roads were responsible for bringing different cultures into contact“

is NOT acceptable because of the lack of

specificity.

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Analyzing Process of

Change or Continuity

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Analyzing Process of Change or Continuity

Must analyze at least one reason for a continuity or change

Why does this particular thing change? What causes that change, and why does that change occur right then and not at some other time?

Why does this particular thing stay the same? Is something prevented change, or is consistency with this thing desired?

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Analyzing Process of Change or Continuity

Example: “Buddhism’s popularity declined in India during the Classical period as a direct result of many factors. First, the

Guptas

promoted Hinduism in a period directly after Buddhist

Kushan

rule where Buddhism had come to be associated with foreignness. Secondly, Buddhism rejects the idea of the caste system, a social structure which was deeply engrained into Indian society as a result of Aryan and Hindu influence.”

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2006 CCOT

Marking

it

up

Write an essay that:

Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with appropriate historical evidence.

Addresses all parts of the question.

Uses world historical context to show change over time and/or continuities.

Analyzes the process of change over time and/or continuity.

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2006 CCOT

Marking

it

up

Write an essay that:

Has a relevant

thesis (1)

and supports that thesis with appropriate historical

evidence (2)

.

Addresses

all parts (2)

of the question.

Uses

world historical context (1)

to show change over time and/or continuities.

Analyzes (1)

the process of change over time and/or continuity.

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2006 CCOT

“Analyze the cultural and political changes and continuities in ONE of the following civilizations during the last centuries of the classical era.

Chinese, 100 CE – 600 CE

Roman, 100 CE – 600 CE

Indian, 300 CE – 600 CE

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2006 CCOTBrainstorm: India, 300 CE - 600 CE

Gupta

Empire,

320-550 CE, ruling family using regional divisions, stable

and

prosperous initially

Fell with invasions of

White Huns

, 5

th

-6

th

centuries

Golden Age: Gupta

emperors supported Hinduism, math and science

Gradual

decline of Buddhism in India, spread beyond

India into Southeast Asia

Because of Buddhism and trade, India’s influence extends to SE Asia

Continued patriarchy

Continued strength of Hinduism

Continued trade by land and sea

Continued caste system

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2006 CCOTBrainstorm: China, 100 CE – 600 CE

Han

Empire, 206 BCE-220 CE- centralization, bureaucracy

Fell due to internal

problems (disagreements at court, corruption)

Fell due to external problems (conflicts

with

Hun invasions)

220-589: 3 Kingdoms Period, regional

kingdoms, warlords, disorder

589-618-Sui dynasty

618-907

Tang

dynasty who

reunified China

Buddhism

slowly becomes

more popular, coming in on Silk Road

Continued Daoism

Confucianism continued

Continued patriarchy, filial piety, veneration of ancestors

Continued examination

system

Continued expansion of Great wall

Slide34

Tuesday, September 3

rd

– 2006 CCOT due

Type the essay at home, double-space it,

and annotate the following

parts:

Thesis

bold

Categories/Groups –

underline

Evidence -

italicize

World History Context –

different font

Analysis –

larger size

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