Theories of Motivation - Presentation

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Theories of Motivation

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.. Content vs. Process Motivation Theories. Content theories. explain why people have different needs at different times.. Implications of Content Theories: .

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Theories of Motivation






Presentation on theme: "Theories of Motivation"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Theories of MotivationSlide2

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Content vs. Process Motivation Theories

Content theories

explain why people have different needs at different times.

Implications of Content Theories:

Match rewards with employee needs

Offer employees a choice of rewards

people have different needs at different times

Limit use of financial rewards as a source of motivation

Process theories

describe the processes through which needs are translated into behaviorSlide3

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Maslow’s

Hierarchy

of Needs

Self-

actualization

Esteem

Social

Safety

PhysiologicalSlide4

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Needs Hierarchy

Theory

Needs Hierarchy Theory

Self-

Actualization

Esteem

Belongingness

Safety

PhysiologicalMaslow arranged five needs in a hierarchySatisfaction-progression processPeople who experience self-actualization desire more rather than less of this needSlide5

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

ERG

Theory

Needs Hierarchy

Theory

ERG Theory

Self-

Actualization

EsteemBelongingness

SafetyPhysiological

GrowthRelatedness

Existence

Alderfer’s model has three sets of needsAdds frustration-regression process to Maslow’s modelSlide6

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Content Theories of Motivation

Self-

Actualization

Esteem

Belongingness

Safety

Physiological

Growth

Relatedness

ExistenceMotivator--HygieneTheory

Motivators

HygienesNeed forAchievement

Need for

Power

Need for

Affiliation

McClelland’s

Learned Needs

ERG

Theory

Needs Hierarchy

Theory