Theories of Motivation
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Theories of Motivation

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.. Content vs. Process Motivation Theories. Content theories. explain why people have different needs at different times.. Implications of Content Theories: .

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Theories of Motivation




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Presentation on theme: "Theories of Motivation"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Theories of Motivation

Slide2

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Content vs. Process Motivation Theories

Content theories

explain why people have different needs at different times.

Implications of Content Theories:

Match rewards with employee needs

Offer employees a choice of rewards

people have different needs at different times

Limit use of financial rewards as a source of motivation

Process theories

describe the processes through which needs are translated into behavior

Slide3

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Maslow’s

Hierarchy

of Needs

Self-

actualization

Esteem

Social

Safety

Physiological

Slide4

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Needs HierarchyTheory

Needs Hierarchy Theory

Self-Actualization

Esteem

Belongingness

Safety

Physiological

Maslow arranged five needs in a hierarchy

Satisfaction-progression process

People who experience self-actualization desire more rather than less of this need

Slide5

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

ERGTheory

Needs HierarchyTheory

ERG Theory

Self-Actualization

Esteem

Belongingness

Safety

Physiological

Growth

Relatedness

Existence

Alderfer’s model has three sets of needs

Adds frustration-regression process to Maslow’s model

Slide6

Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran.

Content Theories of Motivation

Self-Actualization

Esteem

Belongingness

Safety

Physiological

Growth

Relatedness

Existence

Motivator--HygieneTheory

Motivators

Hygienes

Need forAchievement

Need forPower

Need forAffiliation

McClelland’sLearned Needs

ERGTheory

Needs Hierarchy

Theory